Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Assessment of the Efficacy of a Peer Mentoring Program in a University Setting

Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Assessment of the Efficacy of a Peer Mentoring Program in a University Setting

Article excerpt

In the present study, the efficacy of a formal mentoring program applied to fourth and fifth year students of the Psychology Faculty of the Complutense University is assessed. In this program, fifth-year students took on the role of mentors and fourth-year students, the role of mentees. To assess the efficacy, the group of mentors was compared with a group of nonmentors and the group of mentees with a group of non-mentees, before and after the program, taking into account the variables related to career development function (knowledge acquired of the academic setting and satisfaction with the career of Psychology) and the psychosocial function (self-concept, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and involvement).

The results show a statistically significant increase in the knowledge acquired about the academic setting as a consequence of the program, both in the group of mentors and in the group of mentees. Moreover, the mentors achieved a better average grade in the subjects of the specialty of Work Psychology. There were no statistically significant differences between the experimental group and the control group in satisfaction with the career of Psychology, or in self-concept, self-esteem, or self-efficacy.

Keywords: mentoring, career development, orientation, program assessment.

En el presente estudio se evalúa la eficacia de un programa de mentoring formal implantado en la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad Complutense en alumnos de segundo ciclo. En dicho programa los alumnos de quinto curso asumían el rol de mentores y los de cuarto curso el rol de telémacos. Para evaluar la eficacia se contrasta el grupo de mentores con el grupo de no mentores y el grupo de telémacos con el grupo de no telémacos, antes y después del programa, atendiendo a variables relacionadas con la función de desarrollo de carrera (conocimientos adquiridos sobre el entorno académico, y satisfacción con la carrera de Psicología) y con la función psicosocial (autoconcepto, autoestima, autoeficacia e implicación).

Los resultados encontrados muestran un incremento estadísticamente significativo en los conocimientos adquiridos respecto al entorno académico como consecuencia del programa, tanto para el grupo de mentores como para el grupo de telémacos. Además, los mentores consiguen un mejor promedio en las calificaciones de las asignaturas de la especialidad de Psicología del Trabajo. No aparecen diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el grupo experimental y el grupo control ni en la satisfacción con la carrera de Psicología, ni en el autoconcepto, la autoestima y la autoeficacia.

Palabras clave: mentoring, desarrollo de carrera, orientación, evaluación de programas.

Currently, the characteristics of the work setting reveal flat organigrams in which there is no defined assignment of ascending or descending hierarchical chains. In this kind of organizational structures, mentoring programs are frequently applied to facilitate active learning at lower costs in terms of time and effort.

A defining note of the mentoring actions, about which there seems to be high agreement (Dalton, Thompson, & Price, 1977; Hall, 1976; Kram, 1983; Levinson, Darrow, Klein, Levinson, & McKeen, 1978), refers to an intense interpersonal exchange between a mentor (who provides support, direction, and feedback about career plans and personal development) and a mentee (who receives the mentoring action).

In Anglo-Saxon universities, the development of programs or mentoring systems is usually carried out by students of higher courses ("peer mentoring"), who, by means of a tutoring process, orient the first-year students and students of exchange programs academically and professionally. These mentoring programs place emphasis on the connection between academic and social aspects.

In the Spanish university sphere, mentoring programs focus on a link between the students and the diverse resources that the Institution provides for the University Community: orientation and job-hunting services, facilities, academic, cultural, and sport activities, etc. …

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