Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Brief Version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale - Straightforward Items (BFNE-S): Psychometric Properties in a Spanish Population

Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Brief Version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale - Straightforward Items (BFNE-S): Psychometric Properties in a Spanish Population

Article excerpt

The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Brief version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale - Straightforward Items (BFNE-S) in a non-clinical Spanish population. Rodebaugh et al. (2004) recommended the use of this scale composed of 8 straightforwardly-worded items, instead of the 12-item version of the BFNE. The sample consisted of 542 undergraduate students, 71.3% of whom were women and 28.7% were men; the mean age was 21.71 (4.78) years. Exploratory factor analysis produced one factor which accounted for 51.28% of variance. The internal consistency of the scale was α = .89. The BFNE-S correlated with the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (r = .44), the Personal Report of Confidence as Speaker - Modified (r = .44), the Public Speaking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (r = -.38) and both subscales of the Self-Statements during Public Speaking (SSPS-P r = -.22; SSPS-N r = .53). ANOVAs revealed significant differences in the BFNE-S amongst a non-clinical population, persons suffering from specific social phobia, non-generalized social phobia and generalized social phobia.

Keywords: assessment, fear of negative evaluation, psychometric properties, social anxiety, social phobia.

El objetivo del presente estudio fue comprobar las propiedades psicométricas de la escala compuesta por los ítems directos de la Escala de Miedo a la Evaluación Negativa versión breve (BFNE-S) en población no clínica española. Rodebaugh et al. (2004) recomendaron utilizar esta escala formada por 8 ítems directos, en lugar de la versión del BFNE de 12 ítems. La muestra estuvo formada por 542 estudiantes universitarios. El 71,3% de la muestra fueron mujeres, el 28,7% varones y la media de edad fue 21.71 (4.78). El análisis factorial exploratorio extrajo un solo factor que explicó el 51,28% de la varianza. La consistencia interna de la escala fue α = 0,89. El BFNE-S correlacionó con la Escala de Evitación y Malestar Social (r = 0,44), el Cuestionario de Confianza para Hablar en Público - Modificado (r = 0,44), el Cuestionario de Autoeficacia al Intervenir en Público (r = -0,38) y ambas subescalas del Cuestionario de Autoverbalizaciones durante la situación de hablar en público (SSPS-P r = -0,22; SSPS-N r = 0,53). Se realizó un ANOVA en el que se observaron diferencias significativas en el BFNE-S entre población no clínica, personas con fobia social específica, fobia social no generalizada y fobia social generalizada.

Palabras clave: evaluación, miedo a la evaluación negativa, propiedades psicométricas, ansiedad social, fobia social.

The amount of research conducted in the field of social phobia (SP) and social anxiety as increased considerably in recent years (Hofmann, DiBartolo, Holaway & Heimberg, 2004). One of the reasons for this growing interest is the high prevalence of this problem in society; indeed, 12.1% of the adult population of America has experienced them at some time in their lives (Kessler et al., 2005). In Spanish samples Crespo, Ontoso and Grima (1998) reported a prevalence of 8.9% among women.

Heimberg, Holt, Schneier, Spitzer and Liebowitz (1993) classified SP into several subtypes according to its severity: a) generalized SP, which is diagnosed when anxiety appears in most social situations; b) non-generalized SP, which includes persons who experience clinically significant anxiety in a variety of social situations, except in at least one area of their social functioning; and c) specific SP, which is diagnosed when a person presents anxiety in a limited number of very specific situations.

The cognitive-behavioral models of SP have described social anxiety has an emotional reaction to the perception of negative evaluation by others. The construct of fear of negative evaluation belongs to the cognitive component of SP and refers to the irrational thoughts related to being judged in a hostile way or looked down upon by others in social situations (Weeks et al. …

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