Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Preliminary Analysis of the Psychometric Properties of Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being in Portuguese Adolescents

Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Preliminary Analysis of the Psychometric Properties of Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being in Portuguese Adolescents

Article excerpt

This article presents a set of research studies that aim to adapt Carol Ryff's scales of psychological wellbeing (SPWB) and to analyze its psychometric properties in adolescents. The first two studies focused on the reliability and factorial validity of different Portuguese short versions of SPWB, revealing measurement models inadequacies and low internal consistency. In the third study we developed a shortened version (30 items), taking into account the application of psychometric criteria suggested by van Dierendonck (2005). The scales of this version revealed better reliability and adequate goodness of fit indices for the six-factor model, as proposed by Carol Ryff's PWB theory. Although further research focused on the psychometrical properties reanalysis of this shortened version of SPWB is needed, this article provides a contribution to the research and intervention on positive mental health during adolescence.

Keywords: well-being, adolescents, psychometrics.

Este trabajo de investigación presenta un conjunto de estudios sobre la adecuación de las escalas de bienestar psicológico (EBEP) de Carol Ryff y el análisis de sus propiedades psicométricas en adolescentes. Los dos primeros estudios se centraron en la fiabilidad y validez factorial de las diferentes versiones reducidas de las EBEP, en portugués, demostrando, todavía, algunos problemas de ajuste de los modelos y una baja consistencia interna. El tercer estudio trató de desarrollar una versión corta (30 ítems), teniendo en cuenta la aplicación de criterios de maximización psicométrica, como planteado por van Dierendonck (2005). Esta versión mostró una consistencia interna más satisfactoria y mejores indicadores de ajuste de los modelos, confirmando la estructura multidimensional de seis factores propuesta por Carol Ryff. En resumen, a pesar de que son necesarios futuros estudios centrados en la revisión de las propiedades psicométricas de esta versión corta de las EBEP, el artí culo en cuestión proporciona una innegable contribución a la investigación y acción en el ámbito de la salud mental positiva de los adolescentes.

Palabras clave: bienestar, adolescentes, psicometria.

The study of well-being has received ever increasing special attention in the last decade, predominantly integrated into the field of positive psychology (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). Although the authors make use of different terminologies and theoretical and conceptual boundaries (well-being, happiness, affection, emotions, life satisfaction, etc.), we can easily trace the history of this research back to ancient Greece, where philosophers such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle tried to define the essential elements of positive human experience involved in the promotion of pleasure and happiness. Such matters ultimately lead to two perspectives that guide current models for well-being (Compton, Smith, Cornish, & Qualls, 1996; Keyes, Shmotkin, & Ryff, 2002; Lent, 2004; Ryan & Deci, 2001; Ryff & Keyes, 1995; Waterman, 1993): hedonism and eudaimonism.

The hedonic perspective primarily encompasses the principle of accumulation of pleasure and rejection of pain, while the prevailing view is that well-being is the subjective assessment of happiness in respect to the experience of pleasure and pain, largely involved in judgments about the good and bad elements of life (Kahneman, Diener, & Schwarz, 1999). The current well-being model which advocates such theoretical-empirical notions is called subjective well-being (SWB), being Ed Diener one of its key researchers and developers (Diener, 1984, 2000). In studies and interventions with adolescents, researchers focused on the SWB model have primarily focused their research on analysis of emotional (happiness) and cognitive (life satisfaction) dimensions. In these studies, subjective well-being is presented according to the idiosyncrasies associated with the differentiating aspects in human development (Carrasco, 2004). …

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