Academic journal article Central European Journal of Public Health

Tuberculosis Global Facts 2010/2011

Academic journal article Central European Journal of Public Health

Tuberculosis Global Facts 2010/2011

Article excerpt

* Tuberculosis (TB) is contagious and airborne. It is a disease of poverty affecting mostly young adults in their most productive years. The vast majority of TB deaths are in the developing world

* 1 .7 million people died from TB (including 380 000 women) in 2009, including 380 000 people with HIV, equal to 4700 deaths a day

* The TB death rate has fallen by 35% since 1990, and the number of deaths is also declining

* TB is among the three greatest causes of death among women aged 15-44

* There were 9.4 million new TB cases (including 3.3 million women) in 2009, including 1 . 1 million cases among people with HIV

* The estimated global incidence rate fell to 137 cases per 100 000 population in 2009, after peaking in 2004 at 1 42 cases per 100 000. The rate is still falling but too slowly

* Globally, the percentage of people successfully treated reached the highest level at 86% in 2008

* Since 1995, 41 million people have been successfully treated and up to 6 million lives saved through DOTS and the Stop TB Strategy. 5.8 million TB cases were notified through DOTS programmes in 2009

* Of the 22 TB high burden countries, 1 3 countries are on track to meet the 201 5 Millennium Development Goal target and 1 2 countries are on track to reach the 2015 Stop TB Partnership targets

* 1.6 million TB patients knew their HIV status in 2009 compared to 1 . …

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