Academic journal article Washington International Law Journal

CERTAIN OPINIONS OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY [AND THE] STATE COUNCIL ON PROMOTING THE STABLE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND CONTINUING TO INCREASE FARMERS' INCOME IN 2009 (December 31, 2008)

Academic journal article Washington International Law Journal

CERTAIN OPINIONS OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE CHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY [AND THE] STATE COUNCIL ON PROMOTING THE STABLE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND CONTINUING TO INCREASE FARMERS' INCOME IN 2009 (December 31, 2008)

Article excerpt

Translator's Note: The following is a translation of Certain Opinions of the State Council [and the] Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party ("CCP") on Promoting the Stable Development of Agriculture and Continuing to Increase Farmers' Incomes in 2009 ("2009 No. 1 Document"), which the CPC Central Committee and the State Council promulgated on December 31, 2008, and made public on February 2, 2009. It calls on "every region and every department" to seriously study the blueprint created by the Third Plenary Session of the CPC's 17th Central Committee, namely the Decision on Certain Issues Concerning the Advancement of Rural Reform and Development ("2008 Decision"). Compared to the 2008 Decision, the 2009 No. 1 Document covers a narrower range of issues, but provides greater detail. It mainly focuses on support and protection of agriculture, increase of agricultural production, material support and service systems for agriculture, basic rural management systems, and unifying social and economic development of rural and urban areas. It is notable that the 2009 No.1 Document uses language similar to that of the 2008 Decision in several places.

The 2009 No. 1 Document contains descriptions of general and specific goals as well as implementation measures related to improving the situation of China's countryside. This translation only includes content that relates to land-use rights.

Proceeding from the overall position of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, as well as from the overall strategic situation of the comprehensive development of a prosperous society, the Third Plenary Session of the Party's 17th Central Committee described a grand blueprint for the all-round development of a prosperous society in China's countryside, and drafted a plan of action for advancing rural reform and development under new conditions. Every region and every department must study it seriously and gain a deep understanding of the Plenary Session's spirit, [as well as] steadily advance the development of a new socialist countryside, steadily progress along the road of modernization of agriculture with Chinese characteristics, steadily accelerate the formation of a new pattern of unifying economic and social development of urban and rural areas, [and] truly implement the objectives of the state set out in the Decision of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party on Certain Issues Concerning the Advancement of Rural Reform and Development.1

In the year 2008, all regions and departments earnestly carried out the decisions and plans of the Central Committee, prevailed over major natural disasters, [and] overcame a variety of difficulties and hazards; a good development situation for agriculture and the countryside continues to be maintained. Agricultural production has again experienced a bountiful harvest, total grain production levels have reached new record levels, farmers' incomes are increasing relatively quickly, rural public services are developing at an accelerated pace, and relationships between Party members and the masses, as well as between officials and the masses in the countryside, continue to improve. The good conditions of agriculture and the countryside have established a stable base for the Party and the state to successfully undertake major endeavors and appropriately face difficulties; they have also contributed significantly to maintaining stable and relatively quick economic development as well as protecting social stability and harmony.

At present, the global financial crisis continues to spread, and the world's economic growth is noticeably slowing down; the negative effects of [these events] on China's economy are deepening every day, [and] the impacts on development of agriculture and the countryside continue to manifest themselves. 2009 will perhaps be the most difficult year for China's economic development since the [dawn of the] new century; it is also a year in which solidifying and developing good conditions for agriculture and the countryside will be an arduous task. …

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