Academic journal article The Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation

Attitudes and Opinions of Employers, Employees and Parents about the Employment of People with Autism in the Republic of Macedonia

Academic journal article The Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation

Attitudes and Opinions of Employers, Employees and Parents about the Employment of People with Autism in the Republic of Macedonia

Article excerpt

Abstract

The right to work is one of the fundamental human rights in all developed countries around the world. The employment, actually the right to work of persons with disability is the final phase of the long and complex process of their rehabilitation that affects the possibility of their integration in the community.

The main objective of this research is to investigate the possibility of employment of people with autism, based on the attitudes and opinions of employers, employees and parents of the children with autism.

The basic tasks of this research are: to determine whether the employers would employ a person with autism; weather employers and the employees know what autism is; weather according to employers and employees people with autism are able to perform their job duties in complete and weather the parents of children with autism would like their child to be employed.

We conducted this research in a period of 3 months and included 130 respondents. Obtained data were collected, grouped, tabled and processed with standard statistical program Microsoft Office Excel 2003, applying χ2 tests and Fisher's Exact test. Statistical important difference was at the level of p<0.05.

From the analysis and the interpretation of the results, we concluded that in the Republic of Macedonia do not exist positive atmosphere, for employment of the persons with autism, the employers do not want to employ a person with autism. The professionals must engage more deeply in this problematic in order to achieve a complete integration of the people with autism in the society.

Key words: people with autism, employment and integration.

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

Introduction

The term autism comes from the Greek word "autos", which means "alone", or it can be translated as a "withdrawal into itself" and "egotistical existence". Although autism as a term was created in the 20th century, information of its existence was known much earlier (1).

According to the World Health Organization a Childhood Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder defined by the presence of abnormal and/or impaired development that is manifest before the age of three, and by the characteristic type of abnormal functioning in all three areas of social interaction, communication, and restricted, repetitive behaviour (2).

EMPLOYMENT

Employment or the right to work of people with disabilities is the last phase of the long and complex process of their rehabilitation.

The right to work in all developed countries is one of the fundamental human rights. However, the right to work should not be understood as a right of any work, but a job that fits the capabilities and qualifications of the individual and right to work, whose performance secures human's existence (3).

LEGISLATION

The Republic of Macedonia adopted the Law on Employment of people with disabilities in the year of 2000. The Law on Employment of people with disabilities provides:

- working conditions and period for adaptation at work covered by special fund for this purpose;

-employers of people with disabilities are free of tax payment of health, pension and disability insurance, and employment;

- free of VAT for the associations of people with disabilities and the employees are released from salary tax;

- the employer of people with disabilities is provided with:

* irreversible means of 4.500 Euros and 9.000 Euros for people with severe disabilities;

* 6.650 Euros for adaptation at the work place;

* 11.000 Euros for equipment.

* The state's budget provides means for tax releases and resources accorded to the employer are paid from a special fund that provides conditions for employment and work of people with disabilities (4).

PROFESSIONAL ORIENTATION AND QUALIFICATION

Professional orientation includes: professional education and information, individual counselling of the candidate for schooling or occupational activities. …

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