The Relationships between Organizational Justice, Confidence, Commitment, and Evaluating the Manager and the Perceptions of Conflict Management at the Context of Organizational Behavior

Article excerpt

Abstract

In this study, the perceptions related to strategies of conflict management, organizational confidence, organizational justice, organizational commitment and evaluating the manager which are effective on the organizational behavior of teachers are studied. The research is a discretional study in the model of survey. The high-schools in the center of Gaziantep constitute the working group. The sample is formed by 212 teachers. The data were collected by using form of personal information, the strategies of conflict management, organizational justice, organizational commitment, organizational confidence in schools and scale of evaluating the manager. The data were analyzed by SPSS packet program. The data were analyzed by the method of correlation and multiple linear regression. Medium to high level positive and significant relationships were found among the perceptions of evaluating the manager, strategies of conflict management, organizational confidence, organizational justice, organizational commitment and evaluating the manager of teachers. However, one reached to the result that the personal and occupational variables became effective on the organizational behavior.

Key Words

Organizational Justice, Commitment, Confidence, Conflict, Evaluating the Manager.

People establish organizations in order to reach the goals they are not able to reach individually (Can, 1994). An organization is the coordinated unit established by two or more people in order to fulfill one or the set of common goals (Gibson, Ivancevich, Donnelly, & Konopaske, 2002). "Organization is a structure that people have planned before; that includes division of labor and assignments and in which people work in coordination" (Öztekin, 2002, p. 65).

Organizational behavior is an area of study which examines the relationships between the organization and the people (Güney, 2001), the individual and the group behaviors in the organization and the interaction between the members of organization and external environment (Cook & Hunsaker, 2000), the behavior of individuals in the organization, their attitude and performances (Vasu, Stewart, & Garson, 1998).

The relations, communication problems and conflict in the organization reach the administrators most of the time (Karsli, 2004). It is expected that managers should understand working people's psychological and social needs and (should) try to meet them (Sisman & Tasdemir, 2008). There is a relationship between the perceptions and behaviors of individuals. In individual is influenced by his / her qualities, by the features of the person and the event which are perceived and by the atmosphere which the proces is realized.

There is strong relationship between perception of individuals and their behavior (Eren, 2006). As a result, the individual is influenced by the people in the organization in which he works, events, and atmosphere of organization, he/she shows various behaviours. Therefore, the perceptions of the organization's personnel related to the manager of the organization, the confidence in the organiza- tion, organizational justice, organizational commitment, and the management of organizational conflict etc., person and situation are the important factors influencing his/her behaviours.

The concept of justice is one of the important variables in organizational behaviour (Greenberg, 1999). Organizational justice is defined as the processes and procedures being measured, regular and that the staffs find their leaders impartial, sincere and that they find the deeds logical (Dessler, 1999). Nam (2008), in the survey s/he conducted, concluded that organizational justice is a determining factor in making up confidence There is a relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment (DeConinck & Stilwell, 2004). When there is justice in the organization, employees treat the administrators' behavior as fair, moral and rational (Hubbell & Chory-Assad, 2005). …

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