Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

The Post-Cold War Developments, Energy Resources and the US Position in the New Era "A Literature review"/LES DEVELOPPEMENTS AVANT LA GUERRE FROIDE; RESSOURCES ENERGETIQUES ET LA POSITION EUROPEENNE DANS LA NOUVELLE ÈRE

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

The Post-Cold War Developments, Energy Resources and the US Position in the New Era "A Literature review"/LES DEVELOPPEMENTS AVANT LA GUERRE FROIDE; RESSOURCES ENERGETIQUES ET LA POSITION EUROPEENNE DANS LA NOUVELLE ÈRE

Article excerpt

Abstract:

With the end of the cold war and collapse of the Eastern superpower, it is significant to study the position of great countries particularly the United States in the geopolitical world order. It also is very important to identify important geoeconomic factors which are effective in the formation of the relations among the great powers in the new era. The role of energy has always been determined as a significant factor in the global developments as well as in the activities of powerful states especially the US. This paper reviews some proper studies to establish logical relation between energy resources and position of the US in the geopolitical world order. The following studies refer to decline of US hegemon especially in the late of 1960s and the US efforts to gain highest position in the world system. In these studies have been stressed on the oil reserves as a vital interest and it has been identified as main goal of the US presence in the Persian Gulf region. Here also has been stressed on the domination of geo-economic logic over geopolitical logic in the US international policies.

Key words: US world position; Energy Resources; Post-Cold War Geopolitical World Order; Geoeconomic logic of power

Resumé: Avec la fin de la guerre froide et de l'écroulement de la superpuissance de l'Europe de l'Est, il est significatif d'étudier la position de grands pays particulièrement les États-Unis dans la commande géopolitique mondial.il est aussi très important d'identifier les facteurs géoéconomiques importants qui sont effectifs dans la formation des relations parmi les grands(supers) pouvoirs dans la nouvelle ère.Le rôle d'énergie a toujours été déterminé comme un facteur significatif dans les développements globaux aussi bien que dans les activités des états puissants particulièrement les EU. Ce journal passe en revue quelques études appropriées pour établir la relation logique entre des ressources énergétiques et la position des EU dans la commande géopolitique mondial. Les études suivantes se réfèrent au déclin des États-Unis hegemon particulièrement dans vers la fin des années 1960 et des efforts des EU pour gagner la position la plus haute dans le système mondial. Dans ces études ont été souligné sur les réserves pétrolières comme un intérêt essentiel(vital), et il a été identifié comme le but actuel principal des EU dans la région du Golfe Persique.il a été aussi souligné que sur la domination de géoéconomique logique sur la logique géopolitique aux EU des politiques internationales.

Mots-clés: Position mondiale américaine; Ressources énergétiques; La commande de la Géopolitique Mondial post-guerre-froide ; Pouvoir de logique géoéconomique

INTRODUCTION

This paper reviews some proper studies concerning the effective role of energy, in particular, the Persian Gulfs oil and gas in the global objectives of the United States in order to attain the highest position in the Post-Cold War geopolitical world order. Many studies confirm that the US military presence in the Persian Gulf region is due to energy and security of energy flows to industrial countries and controlling the oil flow to the western and Asia- pacific countries. On the other hand, it is clear that the United States as the only superpower remained from the Cold war era is looking for maximizing its hegemon within the international system. There is another important point that with the collapse of the Soviet Union, the old geopolitical world order as a cold war era also was finished and consequently, almost all relations among the states also was changed and the world entered to a new period as a geopolitical transition period (Taylor, 1992). It means that the world needs the new definition for interstates relations as well as the position of every country, particularly major countries, in the new world order. The activities of these countries on the one hand, and the role of various factors on the other hand, indeed, will be able to define the kind and circumstances of new era. …

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