Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Diplomacy of Iran towards Globalization: The Tension between Globalization and Islamization in Iran/DIPLOMATIE DE L'IRAN VERS LA MONDIALISATION: LA TENSION ENTRE LA MONDIALISATION ET L'ISLAMISATION EN IRAN

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Diplomacy of Iran towards Globalization: The Tension between Globalization and Islamization in Iran/DIPLOMATIE DE L'IRAN VERS LA MONDIALISATION: LA TENSION ENTRE LA MONDIALISATION ET L'ISLAMISATION EN IRAN

Article excerpt

Abstract:

The issue of globalization and its impacts on national and local cultures has gained ground recently in scientific research. Infiltration of global forces and foreign cultures into the territory of national and local cultures has leaded to the formation of the feeling of threat and danger among a great number of societies. This feeling of threat has caused some reaction among the native cultures in the world. As well as many other countries, Iran is concerned about the threats and the weakening of the Iranian cultural and religious values because the cultures and the values have entered its territory through globalization. In fact, this feeling has resulted in the tension between two forces inside the country, i.e., the Iranian Islamic-Religious Culture and Globalization. Each of these forces pursues more penetration in social and cultural arenas in Iran. Such tension is, in fact, between the two forces named "Islamization" and globalization.

Key words: Globalization; Islamization; Cultural invasion; Iran' diplomacy

Resumé: La question de mondialisation et ses impacts sur des cultures nationales et locales a gagné du terrain récemment dans la recherche scientifique. L'infiltration de forces mondiales et des cultures étrangères dans le territoire de cultures nationales et locales a entraine à la formation du sentiment de menace et le danger parmi un grand nombre de sociétés. Ce sentiment de menace a causé un peu de réaction parmi les cultures natales dans le monde. Aussi bien que beaucoup d'autres pays, l'Iran est concerné des menaces et l'affaiblissement des valeurs culturelles et religieuses iraniennes parce que les cultures et les valeurs sont entrés à son territoire par la mondialisation. En fait, ce sentiment a abouti à la tension entre deux forces à l'intérieur du pays, c'est-à-dire, la Culture Islamique-religieuse iranienne et la Mondialisation. Chacune de ces forces poursuit plus de pénétration dans des arènes sociales et culturelles en Iran. Une telle tension est, en fait, entre les deux forces nommées "l'Islamisation" et la mondialisation.

Mots-clés: Mondialisation; Islamisation; Invasion culturelle; L'Iran ' diplomatie

1. INTRODUCTION

There are different points of views toward globalization, each of which looks at this issue and its consequences from its own point of view. Robertson (1992) does not consider globalization as a "homogenization" force; rather, he considers it as "homogenization" and "hetrogenization" in a simultaneous manner. He believes that native cultures and global cultures do not threaten one another, but rather there is a dialectical relationship between them. In contrary to homogenization-oriented points of views, Pieterse (2004) also believes that not only does globalization not terminate the native cultures, but also it paves the ground through an opportunity for their evolution. In fact, he believes that globalization is a kind of cultural "hybridization" that has its roots in the far past and human history.

In contrary to the above mentioned opinions, a group of theoreticians believe in a kind of contradiction between the global culture and the national and native ones. They maintain that globalization results in a kind of homogenization that weakens the native cultures. In this regard, Latouche (1996) states that the western culture is willing to weaken other cultures and infiltrate into other geographical areas. This made Latouche (1996) conclude that West wants to make the whole world westernized, and consequently threaten the Eastern cultures. Ritzer (2006) also refers to "McDonaldization" and establishes his idea on the principles being globalized by McDonald. McDonald is creating a homogenous global consumption culture with its roots referring to the American consumption culture. Therefore, it is the American consumption culture that has been introduced as the global culture and has been infiltrated into other cultures. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.