Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Personal and Situational Variables, and Career Concerns: Predicting Career Adaptability in Young Adults

Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Personal and Situational Variables, and Career Concerns: Predicting Career Adaptability in Young Adults

Article excerpt

This study examined relationships among career adaptability and career concerns, social support and goal orientation. We surveyed 304 university students using measures of career concerns, adaptability (career planning, career exploration, self-exploration, decision-making, self-regulation), goalorientation (learning, performance-prove, performance-avoid) and social support (family, friends, significant others). Multiple regression analysis revealed career concerns, learning and performanceprove goal orientations emerged relatively as the most important contributors. Other variables did not contribute significantly.

Keywords: career adaptability, personal and situational variables, career concern.

En este trabajo se examinaron las relaciones entre adaptabilidad profesional e intereses profesionales, respaldo social y orientación hacia una meta. Se registraron las respuestas de 304 estudiantes en términos de interés profesional, adaptabilidad (carrera profesional, exploración profesional, autoexploración, toma de decisiones y autorregulación), orientación hacia una meta (aprendizaje, pruebas de rendimiento, evitación del rendimiento) y respaldo social (familia, amigos y otras personas significativas). Un análisis de regresión múltiple indicó que el interés profesional, aprendizaje, pruebas de rendimiento y orientación hacia una meta despuntaban con respecto a otras variables que no contribuían significativamente.

Palabras clave: adaptabilidad profesional, variables personales y situacionales, interés profesional.

Adaptability has become an essential characteristic of workers in the modern world. Serial careers are becoming the norm in today's rapidly changing workforce, necessitating ongoing career transitions across the life span (Porfeli & Vondracek, 2008). Career adaptability is a psychological construct that denotes an individual's readiness and resources for coping with current and imminent vocational development tasks, occupational transitions and personal traumas. Adaptability shapes self-extension in to the social environment (Savickas, 2005).

Despite the importance of career adaptability as construct, there have no research about it in Iran. Creed, Fallon and Hood (2009) investigated the relationships between career adaptability, person and situation variables and career concerns in young adults. The study showed that the career adaptability (career planning, career exploration, self-exploration, decision-making, and self-regulation) were inter- related and could be represented by a higherorder factor. Decision-making and self-exploration were negatively associated with career concerns, and decisionmaking mediated the relationship between goal-orientation and career concerns. Having more of a learning orientation was associated with more decision-making and fewer career concerns, whereas holding a performance-prove orientation was associated with poorer decision-making and more career concerns. As regard to the results, we repeated the study among students in Isafahan University. We tested whether social support, career concerns and goal orientation can explain career adaptability.

To days, changing society is unable to prompt orderly development, thus forcing individuals to respond to a wide range of external influences that can push development in various directions (Collin, 1997). About a decade ago, the specific issues related to the impact of information and communication, technologies, globalization and large- scale mergers. Recent concepts related with security, terrorism and public health have highlighted as causes of disruption and changes (Grrifin & Hesketh, 2005). Career adaptability was first suggested by Super and Knasel (1981) as the basic construct in adult career development (Savickas, 1994) has provided attitudes, competencies and behaviors that individuals need to fit themselves to their works and changing workplace (Savickas, 2005). Savickas (1997) believed career adaptability is being ready to cope with the predictable tasks of preparing for and participating in the work role and with the unpredictable adjustments prompted by changes in work and working stats. …

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