Academic journal article Journal of Behavioural Sciences

Personality Traits and Learning Styles among Students of Mathematics, Architecture, and Fine Arts

Academic journal article Journal of Behavioural Sciences

Personality Traits and Learning Styles among Students of Mathematics, Architecture, and Fine Arts

Article excerpt

High quality of education is the primary focus of attention throughout the world. Psychologist and educational leaders are increasingly recognizing that learning process helps in understanding of the ways through which an individual learns, and is key to educational improvement. Personality refers to the complete organization, of cognition, affect, and behavior that gives direction, and pattern to person's life (Pervin & John, 1997).

Understanding learning styles and personality preferences can assist student to succeed academically (Jones, Reichard & Mokhtari, 2003).

The NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) by Costa and McCrae (1985) is widely used instrument in studying the personality trait dimensions and extensive studies have been carried out by using NEOPI-R which have basically used to classify individual into different personality types (as cited in Zhang, 2005). The Learning Preference Inventory by Hanson and Silver (1978) it is claim of Jung's personality theory and portrayal to identify learning dimensions Hanson and Silver (1991) analyzed four learning styles: Sensing-Feeling (SF), SensingThinking (ST), Intuitive-Thinking (NT) and Intuitive-Feeling (NF).

Different disciplines have different methods or strategies to cater the need and requirement of students where every domain has different set of methods and techniques. Several studies have been carried out on achievement of mathematics students (Sztajn, 2003; Watson, 2001; Tomlinson, 1999) and concluded that to work effectively it is important to focus on students' abilities not on their insufficiency.

Exploring the relationship between the personality traits of neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness and consciousness that have been proved common as projected and investigated by Costa and McCrea (1991) in their big five factor model would pay a way understanding the personality dimensions that should be there for ensuring an affective adjustment to social gatherings. Aflonzo and Long (2005) carried out research on students and found strong difference between personality differences of mathematics students among non-rural and rural students as they found that non-rural students have major personality qualities of e.g., Extraverts, intuitive, feelers and perceivers (ENFP) on other hand students of rural area scored high on personality qualities e.g., Extraverts, sensing, feelers and perceivers (ESFP).

Stephen (2009) carried out a study to determine different personality types of fine-arts students. Result indicated that there is a clear preference for Intuition. Fine arts student had major characteristics of intuition, feeling, and perception on three of the variables and tend to be score high on the extroversion. Borg and Stranahan (2002) and Ziegert (2000) indicated that feeling students have a better overall presentation than other types. Gullatt (2007) found theoretical implications of achievement of students of fine arts in their academics.

Allida and Vyhmeister (2004) found students of fine arts were more extraverts, sensors, thinkers, and more judgers. Studies have recognized strong relationship between extroversion and the outer thinking style and they found that university students of fine arts were better in their adjustment in educational setting. Extroversion also entails sociability and boldness. Extroversion was seen dominant in students of fine arts as compared to students of mathematics, and architecture (Borg & Stranahan, 2002). More specifically results indicated that extrovert students have better grades than introvert students (Fitzpatric, 2001; Zhang, 2005).

In relation to learning styles and personality difference Vermetten, Lodewijks and Vermunt (2001) identified significant relationship between consciousness and learning styles. Study by (Busato, Prins, Elshout & Hamaker, 2000; Vermetten et al., 2001) hasyield familiar result they found that there is significant relationship between consciousness and agreeableness with learning styles among students of fine arts and architecture students. …

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