Academic journal article Nursing Praxis in New Zealand

Melaa Report Summary

Academic journal article Nursing Praxis in New Zealand

Melaa Report Summary

Article excerpt

This report was commissioned by the Auckland District Health Board on behalf of the Auckland Regional Settlement Strategy Health Steering Group which represents Waitemata, Auckland and Counties Manukau District Health Boards.

The Middle Eastern, Latin American and African Health Needs Assessment (MELAA HNA) (Perumal, 2010) is the first and only report to present MELAA population health trends in New Zealand. The MELAA ethnicity grouping consists of multiple diverse cultural, linguistic and religious groups from refugee and migrant backgrounds. In the 2006 census, 1% of the New Zealand population identified as MELAA and half resided in the Auckland region. Today, 28,637 people in Auckland identify as being MELAA; approximately 14,000 are Middle Eastern; 3000 are Latin American; and 11,000 are African. This group is one of the fastest growing population groups and has unique health needs.

MELAA groups face significant barriers to accessing health care including: language and communication difficulties; health illiteracy in some groups; the cost of health care; a lack of cultural understanding by Health Service Providers; and poor understanding of the New Zealand health system, and, for some groups, of Western health care models.

Of the three groups, Middle Eastern peoples are the largest group in the Auckland region. The report shows the need for targeted diabetes and cardiovascular disease preventive strategies. …

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