Academic journal article The Middle East Journal


Academic journal article The Middle East Journal


Article excerpt

Jan. 21: More than 99% of South Sudanese voted to secede from the north, preliminary referendum results showed. Pending confirmation of poll results, the new country would declare its formal independence on July 9. The people of South Sudan still faced difficult issues, including ethnic tension, underdevelopment, and dividing economic resources with the North. [BBC, 1/30]

Jan. 28: According to Human Rights Watch, the embattled Darfur region saw a sharp increase in violence over the last months. In the previous week alone, attacks by government troops and rebel fighters in Tabit destroyed eight villages and forced thousands of civilians to flee. [BBC, 1/28]

Jan. 30: Police forces arrested and beat student activists who gathered in Khartoum and Omdurman to protest government corruption and economic stagnation in Sudan. Several thousand participants used Facebook, Twitter, and other websites to organize. One student died after being beaten by police, while many more were wounded or arrested. [Al-Jazeera, 1/31]

Feb. 6: After northern and southern armies had begun the difficult process of separating and dividing their weapons in anticipation of South Sudan's secession, southern members of a northern army unit refused to deploy to the North and turned against their unit. The fighting spread from the southern town of Makalal, the capital of the Upper Nile state where the mutiny began, to the settlements of Melut and Paloich in the following days, leaving an estimated 50 dead. [Reuters, 2/6]

Feb. 15: Officials said that over 200 civilians were killed in a massacre in South Sudan by forces loyal to southern rebel leader George Athor. A senior member of South Sudan's ruling party accused the North of backing the rebel attacks; Athor, who took up arms in 2010 alleging fraud in state elections, blamed the violence on the South Sudanese army. [BBC, 2/15]

Feb. 21: A National Congress Party official said that incumbent President 'Umar al- Bashir would not run for re-election in 2015. The move was in an apparent effort to foster democratic change in order to prevent the kinds of protests that unseated rulers in Egypt and Tunisia. [Reuters, 2/21]

Mar. 2: Violence erupted at two Sudanese flashpoints leaving "scores" dead, said officials. In the most recent clash, Arab nomads and militias fought southern police in the contested North-South border area of Abyei, killing at least six people. …

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