Academic journal article The Middle East Journal

Chronology: Algeria

Academic journal article The Middle East Journal

Chronology: Algeria

Article excerpt

Apr. 19: As the European Union and Algeria prepared to sign a trade deal, human rights group Amnesty International encouraged the EU to utilize its economic power to put pressure on Algerian officials to lower the country's number of political killings. Amnesty claimed that such pressure was feasible due to a human rights clause in the trade deal. [BBC, 4/19]

Apr. 26: A former Algerian Defense Minister, General Khalid Nezzar, was accused of torture and extrajudicial executions in a French court. Nezzar was considered one of Algeria's strongmen during the cancellation of parliamentary elections in 1992, triggering a wave of terror that left more than 100,000 dead. [BBC, 4/26]

May 2: Thirty-one people were killed in two separate massacres led by armed extremists in the Tiaret region of western Algeria. [BBC, 5/21

May 30: Algeria elected a new parliament on May 30, when the former ruling National Liberation Front (FLN), under the leadership of `Ali Benflis, won 199 of the 389 seats. The largest party in the outgoing parliament, the National Democratic Rally, won only 48 votes. This parliamentary election was the second only in 10 years. Hours before the voting began, suspected rebels killed 25 nomads-one of a series of attacks in the run-up to the poll. The country's Berbers called for a boycott of the election, accusing the government of fraudulent election methods and failing to ease the tension in the Kabylie region. [BBC, WP, 6/11

June 12: Suspected Islamic militants in Algeria killed 11 bus passengers in the worst attack on civilians since May's parliamentary election. The bus had pulled to a stop in Medea, a city south of Algiers, when it was sprayed with machine-gun fire. [BBC, 6/12]

June 27: A top US official on terrorism, Francis X. …

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