Academic journal article The Middle East Journal

Chronology: Turkey

Academic journal article The Middle East Journal

Chronology: Turkey

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Apr. 16: The outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which initiated an armed campaign in Turkey in 1984, proclaimed a change in name-to the Congress for Freedom and Democracy in Kurdistan (KADEK)-and a change in strategy, declaring that it desired to campaign peacefully in the future for Kurdish rights. Many members of the Turkish government, including Foreign Minister Ismail Cem, dismissed the move as ill-intentioned and misleading. [BBC, 4/16]

After a review of the country's economic performance, the American-based International Monetary Fund (IMF) agreed to award Turkey an extra $1 billion as part of its larger $16 billion package provided in February of this year. The IMF had raised hopes of the country bouncing back after undergoing a 9.4% shrink in its economy the previous year. [BBC, 4/16]

Apr. 25: The Foreign Ministers of Turkey and Greece, old enemies, announced that they would hold talks with Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and Palestinian leader Yasir `Arafat. The visit was planned as a gesture intended to demonstrate that it was possible for bitter rivals to cooperate with one another in order to acquire peace. [BBC, 4/251

May 4: An unidentified armed gunman who took 10 tourists hostage in Istanbul's luxury Marmara hotel surrendered to police after anti-terrorist personnel entered the building. All the hostages were released unharmed. [BBC, 5/4]

May 30: The frozen bodies of 19 suspected illegal immigrants were found along the snow-capped mountains near the Turkish-- Iranian border. The discovery occurred less than one week after five Pakistani immigrants were found on a local beach in the eastern Turkish city of Izmir. It was believed that the immigrants died several months before, most likely between the harsh winter period from November to January. [BBC, 51 30]

May 31: As a condition for opening negotiations for European Union membership, Turkey's National Security Council, made up of the country's top generals and government leaders, agreed to lift the 15-yearold state of emergency from two predominately Kurdish provinces in the eastern region. …

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