Academic journal article Pakistan Historical Society. Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society

Tasawwuf Ki Afaqi Qadren (Universal Values of Tasawwuf)

Academic journal article Pakistan Historical Society. Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society

Tasawwuf Ki Afaqi Qadren (Universal Values of Tasawwuf)

Article excerpt

The column adversely commented on the conference on Süfism organized by the Punjab branch of the Academy Adbiät-i Pakistan. He thinks that these efforts for the propagation of Tasaww uf is a part of some sinister neo-imperial conspiracy. (It is interesting to note that there is a proposal to establish a Sufi University).

Tasawwuf emerged as a spiritual resurgence during the tumultuous period of the Mongols, called as a scourge of God. It helped in restoring and reviving Muslim resilience. Great Sufi masters and their orders appeared as an international fraternity. Ibn Battutali found three Sufi brothers in Egypt, India and China. These Súfis spread Islam into new lands. They were highly revered as saints. With the passage of time the successors of these Sufis known as makhdüms or sajjädah nashïns lost the earlier fervour and piety but continued to reap all benefits from rulers as well as from the common people. They became so greedy that some of them did not desist from betraying their own country and people.

I conducted some research and found such examples about the First War of Independence 1857 about some regions of the Punjab, particularly Multan.

On 10th June 1857, in the Multan Cantonment 69th platoon was disarmed on suspicion of revolt. Its commander with ten soldiers was blown up by the cannon. Near the end of June 1857, the other platoons, already disarmed and fearing a similar fate, also revolted and 1200 unarmed soldiers tried to escape but Makhdoom Shäh Mahmood Qureshi of Sh. Baha' al-Din Zakariyä's darbär (mausoleum) with his murïds along with the English army surrounded them and killed 300 of them on the Shiwäla bridge between the cantonment and the city. …

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