Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Extraversion, Conscientiousness, Goal Management and Lecturing Profession in Nigeria

Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Extraversion, Conscientiousness, Goal Management and Lecturing Profession in Nigeria

Article excerpt


The lecturing profession is a kind of profession that involves several tasks which must be carried out simultaneously, including, teaching, research, administration and community service. Hence, the ability and individual characteristics of lecturers will be of great importance in determining how to manage and achieve set goals. Goal management is an integral consideration in career growth but yet to attract much research attention in Nigeria. The study investigated the influence of personality factors (extraversion and conscientiousness) on goal management of university lecturers in south-western Nigeria.

The survey method was adopted in this study, using purposive sampling technique to select four universities in the south western part of Nigeria. A total of 600 respondents comprising of 423 males and 177 females selected from university academic staff were used for this study, using the random sampling technique. Data were collected on extraversion, conscientiousness and goal management. The data were analyzed using multiple regression and Pearson Product Moment Correlation.

The result of the multiple regression showed a joint influence of extraversion, conscientiousness on goal management (R^sup 2^ = .24; F (^sub 12,407^) = 15.36, p < 0.05). Furthermore, independently, extraversion (β = .27; t =5.66, p <.001) and conscientiousness (β = .17; t = 3.34, p < .001) influenced goal management. The implication is that university lecturers who are extroverts and conscientious will be able to manage their goals better compared to those who are not extroverts and conscientious. Therefore, the focus of psychologists should centre on the development of training packages that will enhance university lecturers' self-development on goal management skills, while the government and relevant institutions should encourage self development programmes among university lecturers in Nigeria, so as to enhance their productivity.

Key Words: extraversion; conscientiousness; goal management; university lecturers


Goal management is the ability of an individual to be able to control and regulate the self, effectively, towards the attainment of what makes the individual happy and satisfied. According to Efklides, Niemivirta & Yamauchi (2002) goal management, therefore, focuses on the individual's capacity to monitor and modify behavior, cognition, affect and, sometimes, the individual's environment, in order to achieve a goal

The acknowledgment of the importance of individual regulatory processes for effective goal management has been recognized in research findings (Oettingen, Honig 8c Gollwitzer, 2000). In addition to this, Bandura (1997) expressed that self-regulation and selfefficacy should be considered when analyzing issues relating to goal management, such as goal setting and goal attainment. These expressions lay emphasis on individual peculiarities and characteristics in the issue of managing set goals. The success of a particular set goal is believed to stimulate the setting of more challenging goals because of the individual's heightened sense of efficacy which is based on the successful attainment of prior goals. Klinger (1977); Heckhausen and Kuhl (1985) also explained that the core processes of goal attainment involves oneself through commitment and self control to achieving a certain set goal. However, to achieve this, the self is believed to be a major determinant in the experiences and performances of individuals. Corroborating this fact, Ryff, Keyes, 8c Hughes (1998) explained that differences experienced by some socio-demographically defined groups (e.g., married people, those with higher incomes, younger people) is because of differential availability of psychological, physical, and material resources. Therefore, the ability of individuals to manage his or her goal resides in his or her personal characteristics. This was established by Baumeister, Muraven 8c Tice (2000) that the ability to achieve these goals resides in individuals themselves alongside other factors necessary to achieve the set goals. …

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