Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

El Solar Carmelitano De San Juan De la Cruz: La Antigua Provincia De Castilla (1416-1836)

Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

El Solar Carmelitano De San Juan De la Cruz: La Antigua Provincia De Castilla (1416-1836)

Article excerpt

El Solar Carmelitano de San Juan de la Cruz: La antigua provincia de Castilla (1416-1836). By Pablo Maria Garrido, O.Carm. (Madrid: Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos. 1996. Pp. lift, 381.)

The Spanish Carmelites of the Ancient Observance, sometimes referred to as Calced Carmelites, are the envy of the rest of their Order since they have so richly benefited from recent explorations of their historical records by Carmelite scholars. Balbino Velasco Bayon's three-volume Historia del Carmelo Espanol, synthesized in his Los Carmelitas: Historia de la Orden del Carmen, IV:El Carmelo Espanol, has investigated thoroughly the medieval Carmelites in Spain and the various Spanish provinces since then. See reviews in this journal ante, LXXVIII (October,1992),644-645, and LXXXI (October,1995),611-613. Now a confrere of Velasco Bayon, Pablo Garrido, has turned a more organic look at the Carmelite province of Castile with an interest in revealing the Carmelite soil from which arose Juan de la Cruz and, for that matter,Teresa of Avila, whose monastery of the Incarnation was, at least at first, under the jurisdiction of this province. The final establishment by Pope Clement VIII of the Discalced Carmelite Order as a separate entity did not occur until 1593, two years after the death of Juan de la Cruz.A major stumbling block in the study of mystics, no less so for Juan de la Cruz and Teresa de Jesus, has been the persistent lack of historical context. Garrido in this book is especially concerned to provide the immediate past and immediate subsequent history that make it possible to interpret adequately the writings of Juan de la Cruz. …

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