Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

La Parrocchia Nel Medio Evo: Economia, Scambi, Solidarieta

Academic journal article The Catholic Historical Review

La Parrocchia Nel Medio Evo: Economia, Scambi, Solidarieta

Article excerpt

La Parrocchia nel Medio Evo: Economia, Scambi, Solidarieta. Edited by Agostino Paravicini Bagliani and Veronique Pasche. [Italia Sacra: Studi e documenti di storia ecclesiastica,Vol. 53.] (Rome: Herder Editrice e Libreria. 1995. Pp. xvii, 325. Lire 112.000 paperback.)

This volume presents papers from a seminar organized to broaden consider ation of exchange within the parish to include spiritual as well as material transactions. The selections certainly achieve this goal, but the chronological and geographical emphases of the volume are not well indicated in its title. Most of the contributions focus on the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries and, although published in Italy, French parishes dominate the collection.

So too do the dead. More than anything, this volume reveals the centrality of death in the economic and spiritual exchanges of the late medieval parish. Contributions illumine the roles of burial fees in the parish economy (Delmaire, pp. 27-41, and Le Bourgeois-Viron, pp. 42-59), of endowed commemorative Masses in the parish liturgy (Staub, pp. 231-254, and Lemaitre, pp. 255-278), of private funerary chapels in the division of space within the parish church itself (Hubert, pp. 209-227), and of funerary repasts in the sustenance of the parish's poor (Dubuis, pp. 279-303). Jacques Chiffoleau's broad, synthetic essay, "L'Economie paroissiale en Provence" (pp. 61-117), integrates these themes with the more narrowly economic concerns of earlier work. Distinguishing three "moments" (before 1260,1260-1340, after 1340) in the history of parochial exchanges in Provence, he focuses on the middle period and its "recomposition assez complete de toute l'economie paroissiale, qui tient en grande partie aux transformations du systeme beneficial mais qui a aussi des implications et des presupposes de nature strictement religieuse" (p. …

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