Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

An Investigation of the Problematic Internet Use of Teacher Candidates Based on Personality Types, Shyness and Demographic Factors

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

An Investigation of the Problematic Internet Use of Teacher Candidates Based on Personality Types, Shyness and Demographic Factors

Article excerpt

Abstract

Researches proved that a new psychological disorder of problematic Internet use was associated with individual characteristics as loneliness, shyness, anxiety, depression, personality type, and self-cognition. But there appears to be little consensus about Problematic Internet Use disorder. Consequently the aim of study was to investigate correlation between Problematic Internet Use and individual characteristics. The research was carried out in Kafkas University, department of Turkish Education, elementary science education, classroom teaching, psychological counseling and guidance and early childhood education with 453 students. Problematic Internet Use Scale, The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and Shyness Scale were administered to the study. In conclusion as a result of the research carried out, it was determined that there was a significant relationship between gender and department and this effect on the duration of the weekly Internet use and problematical Internet use, but that location Internet was connected to did not have any effect on problematical Internet use. While there was no significant relationship between class levels, there was a significant relationship between the age at which Internet was initially used and the lower dimension of excessive problematical Internet use. When problematical Internet use was examined for change dependent on the Internet use objectives, it was determined that students that played on-line games, chatted on the Internet and downloaded programs from the Internet were more liable to problematical Internet use. When it was examined whether personality types (lying, extraversion, neuroticism, introversion, psychosis) and shyness were precursors to problematical Internet use it was seen that, lying neuroticism and social benefit and Internet's negative effects were significant predictors of problematical Internet use and excessive use. In conclusion of the research it was seen that extraversion and psychosis were not predictors both in terms of problematical Internet use total points and also lower dimensions as well.

Key Words

Problematic Internet Use, Personality Type, Shyness, Gender.

Using the Internet has rapidly become widespread, and it is attracting the attention of researchers not only with its for its positive impact on education, communication, occupational development, free time activities, and creativity (Brenner, 1997; Kraut et al., 1998; Kubey, Lavin, & Barrows, 2001; Kuhlemeier & Hemker, 2007; Parks & Roberts, 1998), as well as its more negative impact in the fields of excessive computer use, invasion of privacy, violence in some games, and Internet addiction (Rice & Markey, 2009). Emphasizing the negative impact of Internet researchers have revealed that excessive Internet use can turn into an addiction and this can harm social relationships and persons that use Internet excessively gradually reduce their communication with their family and friends while placing more importance on friendships and relations in this virtual medium (Brenner, 1997; Parks & Robert, 1998; Young, 2004).

Even though the Internet use for ill intentions or excessive Internet use is referred as the Internet ad diction or problematic Internet use in literature, no consensus has been reached to describe this pattern yet. Therefore, the same pattern is also named as the pathological Internet use, compulsive Internet use (Widyanto & Griffiths, 2006), cyberspace addiction, online addiction, and net addiction (Davis, Flett, & Besser, 2002; Hur, 2006) as well.

The problematic Internet use is defined as "the individual is not able to repress their desire for excessive Internet use and feels anxiety and burden when deprived, and this situation in turn affects their daily lives adversely" (Douglas et. al, 2008). Goldberg (Young, 1998) describes the compulsive and excessive Internet use initially as "neurotic and irritable state when deprived". …

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