Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Obstacles in Formulating a Code of Ethics for Social Workers in Jordanian Institutions

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Obstacles in Formulating a Code of Ethics for Social Workers in Jordanian Institutions

Article excerpt

Abstract

The major purpose of the study was to examine the obstacles in formulating a code of ethics for social workers in Jordanian institutions and to identify the personal characteristics and professional behaviours of social workers in Jordan.

Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to achieve the objectives of this study. A survey with open and closed questions was distributed randomly to 95 social workers The study found that a substantial numbers of social workers in Jordan (78.6%) from the sample did not belong to any social work associations. The majority of male and female social workers (29.5%) have a BSW degree. The research also revealed the obstacles in formulating a code of ethics for social workers in Jordan; those obstacles are the clients, social work institutions, the experience of social workers, weaknesses in the research, and the cultural obstacles in local communities in Jordanian society.

A recommendation arising from the study is that all professional social workers in Jordan need to formulate a national social workers code of ethics as a guide for practice. The code of ethics would have general ethical principles that are based on the core values of social work to be used as a guide for professional behaviour.

Keywords: Ethics, Social work, Jordan, Social policy

1. Introduction

Values are important in the social work profession. These values should be reflected in a Code of Ethics for social workers; in otherworld, it should be clear what the ethical responsibilities to do what is right are. A Code of Ethics attempts to put these values into the context of every-day practice situations for social workers.

The profession of social work can be traced to 1917, when Mary Richmond, in her book on social diagnosis, formed the parameters of the profession; Richmond's writing reflected her theoretical and practical views and experiences in the field of social work, particularly in school, medicine and family.

The way to work with groups) was formulated by Bharis Quayle. She was the first to teach a groups course at Dmsntezizrv University, where her ideas about human behaviour and leadership in groups were crystallized in her book, the social process in official groups. In 1935, the National Conference of Social Work ratified the way to work with groups and the next year, 1936, the National Association of American, group process was ratified (Konopka,1963). The emergence of the way to work with individuals, and then the emergence of the way to work with groups have certainly contributed to the emergence of the way to organize society, which was first discussed in the United Kingdom, and then in the United States of America, when Robert Lane reported the National Conference of Social Work in 1939. This method was recognized in 1946, along with its recognition of basic programmes in management, research and supervision (Zaki, 1978).

2. Ethics Are Based on Social Work Practice

Three methods of social work, individual, group and community, cannot operate alone. Integration between these methods is essential to intervene and minimize the effects of disability; alleviate destitution, deprivation, and escape: remove suffering, anger and resentment; help individuals get out of their isolation; promote them and achieve their adaptation; and give them the opportunities to participate in the community. These are the consequences of social and psychological dimensions of individual, family and community circumstances, and the economic, political, and security impacts of events and developments locally, regionally and internationally. Social work is required to intervene to examine, treat, and prevent impact on human life in the light of the values and ethical principles of the social work profession. Global standards for the profession of social work cannot exist without rules derived from values, beliefs and ethics.

Social work aims to develop communities in order to, solve the problems that are beyond the ability of individuals who suffer. …

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