Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Employee Adaptation to Work in Organizations

Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Employee Adaptation to Work in Organizations

Article excerpt

Abstract

From a total of 365 randomly selected employees of Guinness Nigeria Plc and Bendel Brewery, Benin City, Nigeria, this article has examined employee characteristics and employee adaptation in organizations. Employee adaptation is in relation to getting use to primary assignment to deal with it successfully. The article is in furtherance of employee participation because we had observed earlier that over 60.3% respondents had their disciplines in conformity with their areas of primary assignments in the organizations. Yet, precisely 51.8% tended to have indicated that they were not adapted to their 'work now'. Although it could not be claimed that age, sex and religion were significant factors in employee adaptation' other social action and interaction influencing variables were. These included marital status, education and income. It is therefore recommended that organizations should improve on adaptation program for 'new and existing hires' towards increasing productivity in work places.

Keywords: Employee Adaptation, Employee Characteristics, Demographism, Employee Participation, Adaptation Experts, New Hires.

Introduction

Towards a further understanding of employee participation, we had undertaken a study of 365 randomly selected employees from April to May, 2008. These were from among the employees of Guinness Nigeria PIc and Bendel Brewery, Benin City, Nigeria. In that study, a total of 60.3% responded that their areas of specialization were in conformity with their primary assignments in the organizations. Yet, precisely 51.8% tended to have indicated that they were not adapted to such areas of assignments, at the time of enquiry. Therefore, what would be the nature of the relationship between employee characteristics and adaption to work in the organizations?

Also, despite the numerous studies on employee participation, there is none that has formally linked employee characteristics with employee adaptation in organizations, at least, in Edo State, Nigeria. Irrespective of its theoretical nature, employee adaptation and employee characteristics influence each other to the extent that when these variables are lacking in the society there is bound to be development consequences. In other words, economists, sociologists and other planners require direct evidence on employee characteristics and adaptation in organizations towards improved productivity. It is against this backdrop that this article has examined the variation in employee characteristics and adaptation to Svork now' in the organizations. Accordingly, this study is separated into a number of sessions. Section 1, starts with the introduction and includes the conceptual framework. Section 2, discusses the methodology. Section 3, presents results and brings the discussion to a close with concluding remarks.

Conceptual Framework

The major concern of this study is on employee adaptation in relation to getting use to primary assignment to deal with it successfully. Employee adaptation has another connotation. According to Rosse and Miller (1984), adaptation relates to employee responses to job dissatisfaction and to negative work emotions. These include job withdrawal' and Svork withdrawal'. Behaviors intended to remove the worker completely from both the organization and the job relate to job withdrawal. These include quitting or deciding to retire. On the other hand, work withdrawal comprises behaviors 'intended to provide more temporary escape from work'. These include absence, lateness, goofing off at work, escapist drinking and related forms of drug abuse. Also, according to Rosse and Miller (1984), employees who do not choose an adaptive response experience more physical and mental health symptoms than those who successfully adapted. In all, there is a dearth of statistical evidence on the actual relationship between employee characteristics and adaptation to work.

Social reality is the focus of attention in the behavioral sciences. …

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