Academic journal article Asian Social Science

To Learn Democracy in Competitive Democratic Election and Learn to Safeguard Democratic Rights of the Party Members - Review and Reflection on the First County-Level Competitive Direct Election Experiment among Party Representatives of the Communist Party of China (CPC)

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

To Learn Democracy in Competitive Democratic Election and Learn to Safeguard Democratic Rights of the Party Members - Review and Reflection on the First County-Level Competitive Direct Election Experiment among Party Representatives of the Communist Party of China (CPC)

Article excerpt

Abstract

How a ruling party in a developing country learns democracy in practice and learns to safeguard the democratic rights of the Party members and constructs a corresponding democratic safeguard mechanism in modern democratic social construction is an important subject that is faced up by the ruling party of each developing country. Located in the western part of China, Yucheng District Ya'an City in Sichuan Province, for the first time, conducted a competitive direct election experiment among Party representatives of the CPC in 2002, and pioneered competitive democratic election, which offered new thought and experiences for the CPC to learn democracy in competitive democratic election and construct democratic rights safeguard mechanism of the Party members.

Keywords: Learn democracy, Competitive direct election, Mechanism of democratic rights safeguarding of Party members

1. Study of classical Marxism writers on the inner-Party democratic election thought

The original meaning of "democracy" means that a decision is made according to the will of a majority of people. Just as Lenin said, the Communist Party was constituted by a large number of party members who volunteered to take part and was "organized in a democratic way". Thus, party members are the subject in the Party. The core to develop inner-Party democracy is to respect and safeguard the democratic rights of party members and institutionalize their rights. In the process of establishing the political party of the working class, Marx and Engels applied the democratic social management pattern into inner-Party activities and deeply expounded the importance of inner-Party democratic construction.

According to Marx and Engels, inner-Party democracy was based on inner-Party election system. For instance, "Communist League statute" abandoned the features of schools, classes and conspiracy, etc., of its predecessor "Germany League of the Just" and stipulated that, all party members were all equal and were obliged to help each other at all occasions; the leading organs of the party at all levels, from the grass-root to the central organs, had to elect from bottom to top and could be removed at any time; the congress was the supreme organ of power of the whole party and determined all significant issues of the party; the central committee was the executive organ of the supreme power of the party and was obliged to report its work to the congress etc.

In his book "On the History of the Communist League" that was written in 1885, Engels pointed out that inner-party election was an important reflection of inner-party democracy and that the organization of the party "was totally democratic and all of its committees were constituted by election which could be removed at any time. It was just this point that had jammed the path of any conspiracy maniac who requested for dictatorship."

Lenin thought that "the party was organized in a democratic way", since all the principals, all the leading personnel and all the organs of the party were constituted by election who had to report their work to the party members and might be replaced at any time".

Thus, it can be seen that, the above statements by the classical Marxism writers clearly indicate that, "the authority of the Party comes from the vast majority of the party members and the leading organs at all levels of the party have to be absolutely elected in a democratic way from bottom to top. It is also indicated that, the functions of these leading organs are generated by the entrusting mode of election by the vast majority of party members. Without democratic election, there is no so-called leading functions, let alone the Community Party in its real sense." Statement of these Marxism leaders about inner-Party democracy and inner-Party election thought lays an ideological foundation for the CPC to learn democracy in a democratic election in a new period and construct a democratic safeguard mechanism. …

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