Academic journal article Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Should Women Return Home? the Interactive Effects of Sexism and Economic Confidence

Academic journal article Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Should Women Return Home? the Interactive Effects of Sexism and Economic Confidence

Article excerpt

Keywords: benevolent sexism, hostile sexism, gender differentiation, economic confidence.

A proposal for women to return to their traditional role of staying at home has often been offered in serious economic situations (Han & Yuan, 2008). This may suggest that the overall economic situation may affect people's attitudes toward women being in paid employment outside the home. Glick and Fiske (1996) identified two components of sexism: hostile sexism (HS) and benevolent sexism (BS), which are present in both men and women. Because it justifies me male power structure, sexism may also affect this attitude toward women. In this study we have examined the relationship between sexism and attitude toward women resuming their traditional role of staying at home, and the moderating effects of economic confidence.

Participants (N = 501; 251 men and 250 women) were recruited from five universities in China, and during class time anonymously completed measures of sexism, economic confidence, and attitude toward women returning home. Sexism was assessed using a modified version of the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI) developed by Glick and Fiske (1996), which has an HS 7-item subscale and a BS 5-item subscale. The internal consistencies were 0.77 for HS and 0.67 for BS. Economic confidence was measured by a 12-item scale with an internal consistency of 0.89. Finally, participants were asked to evaluate to what extent they agreed wim the proposal mat women return home. Each response was made on a 6-point scale.

Women had a more negative attitude than did men about women returning home, r(494) = 9.97, p < .01. The results of hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that HS was related to die attitude of women about women returning home, ft = .141, t(239) = 2.20, p < .05, ?2 = .21, whtie BS was related to the attitude of men about women returning home, b = .201, /(242) = 3.02, p < .01, η^sup 2^ = .25. Economic confidence had a moderating effect on the relationship between HS and the attitude of women about women returning home, b = -. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.