Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Relationship between Schizotypal and Borderline Traits in College Students

Academic journal article The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Relationship between Schizotypal and Borderline Traits in College Students

Article excerpt

The main objective of the present investigation was to analyze the relationship between selfreported schizotypal and borderline personality traits in a sample of 759 college students (M = 19.63 years; SD = 2.03). For this purpose, the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief (SPQB; Raine and Benishay, 1995) and Borderline Personality Questionnaire (BPQ; Poreh et al., 2006) were administered. The results showed that schizotypal and borderline features are partially related at subclinical level. The exploratory factor analysis conducted on the subscales revealed a three-factor solution comprised of the following factors: Identity/Interpersonal, Lack of Control and Schizotypal. The canonical correlation analysis showed that schizotypal features and borderline personality traits shared 34.8 % of the variance. The data highlight the overlap between schizotypal and borderline personality traits in nonclinical young adults. Future studies should continue to examine the relationship and the degree of overlap between these traits in community samples.

Keywords: schizotypy, borderline, comorbidity, overlap, traits, schizotypal.

El principal objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar el grado de asociación entre los rasgos de la personalidad esquizotípica y de la personalidad borderline en una muestra de 759 estudiantes universitarios (M = 19,63 años; DT = 2,03). Para este propósito el Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief (SPQ-B; Raine and Benishay, 1995) y el Borderline Personality Questionnaire (BPQ; Poreh et al., 2006) fueron administrados. Los resultados mostraron que los rasgos esquizotípicos y borderline de la personalidad se encontraban parcialmente asociados a nivel subclínico. El análisis factorial exploratorio llevado a cabo a partir de las subescalas de ambos autoinformes reveló una solución factorial tridimensional concretada en los factores: Identidad/Interpersonal, Falta de control y Esquizotípico. El análisis de correlación canónica mostró que los rasgos esquizotípicos y borderline de la personalidad compartían el 34,8% de la varianza total. Los datos destacan la superposición entre la personalidad esquizotípica y la personalidad borderline en jóvenes adultos. Futuros estudios deberían continuar examinando la relación y el grado de superposición entre este conjunto de rasgos de la personalidad en muestras comunitarias.

Palabras clave: esquizotipia, límite, comorbilidad, superposición, rasgos, esquizotípica.

Personality disorders are characterized by a pattern of inflexible and maladaptive traits, which usually starts during childhood or adolescence and remains stable in time, causing clinically significant impairment in functioning as well as a serious impact on the individual's quality of life (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD) and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) were born together as "borderline states" in the Danish Adoption Study (Gunderson & Singer, 1975; Spitzer, Endicott, & Gibbon, 1979) and were separated as independent entities in the DSM-III (APA, 1980). Whereas the SPD is characterized by a general pattern of social deficit associated to perceptual distortions and odd behavior and Speech, BPD consists of a general pattern of instability in personal relationships, identity disturbance and impulsivity (APA, 2000). Both personality disorders are frequent in clinical as well as in ambulatory and community populations (Crawford et al., 2005; Ekselius, Tillfors, Furmark, & Fredrikson, 2001; Korzekwa, Dell, Links, Thabane, & Webb, 2008; Lenzenweger, Lane, Loranger, & Kessler, 2007; Torgersen, Kringlen, & Cramer, 2001).

From a dimensional point of view, it is considered that both the schizotypal and borderline personality traits are not necessarily associated to a psychological disorder, but rather they can be present in the general population distributed along a psychopathological continuum of severity, where the clinical state would be situated at its extreme end (Trull, 1995; Trull, Widiger, & Guthrie, 1990). …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.