Academic journal article English Language Teaching

The Influence of Process Approach on English as Second Language Students' Performances in Essay Writing

Academic journal article English Language Teaching

The Influence of Process Approach on English as Second Language Students' Performances in Essay Writing

Article excerpt


This study examined the influence of Process Approach on English as second language Students' performances in essay writing. The purpose was to determine how far this current global approach could be of assistance to the writing skill development of these bilingual speakers of English language. The study employed the pre-test post-test control quasi-experimental research design. The sample consisted of 80 senior secondary school final year students. The research material included the senior secondary school English Language recommended textbook, National Examination Council (NECO) and West Africa Examinations Council (WAEC) English Language Syllabi, Federal Ministry of Education English Language Curriculum, English-Language Teachers' Lesson Notes and Students Essay Writing Exercise books. The West African Examinations Council's (WAEC) English Language Essay Question as an adapted instrument was used to gather data. The data generated were subjected to statistical analysis and the results of the analysis showed that there was no significant difference between the pre-test scores of both the Control and the Experimental group which indicated the homogenous state of both Control and Experimental groups. There was significant difference in the post-test scores of the Experimental and the Control groups. There was no significant difference between the pre-test and post-test scores of the students in Control group. As evident from the out-come of the research, the Process Approach (which presents writing in multiple drafts before the final writing) had significant effect on students' overall performance in essay writing.

Keywords: Product approach, Process approach, Students' performance, Essay writing, English as a Second Language

1. Introduction

English Language can be said to dominate among the four to five thousand languages in the world. It functions in different forms in the different countries and states of the world. It can be the lingua franca, foreign language, second or third language and it may be employed as inter- or intra- national language within a speech community. Kolawole (1991) says the reason for this is not far-fetched because as Western Civilization is taking over the whole world, so also is English Language existing in congruent to Western Civilization.

One striking fact about this global importance of English Language is that, using English has nothing to do with one's nationality or with the initial fact of the spread of English-speaking colonies. The Peruvian air Pilot from a country relatively untouched by past British or American expansions needs English for his Job, so also the Polish doctor, working for the world Health Organization (WHO) in tropical countries. In the world, that has become a global village, and in Nigeria a country in the world, a former colony of Britain, English has become a language of everyone.

It is right from this perspective that one weighs the importance of English Language. English got to Nigeria as far back as the 15th century through Europeans who came to trade, explore, Christianize and colonize Black Africans - Nigeria inclusive. It later found its way into our educational system and subsequently became the language of administration, commerce, law, politics and education.

The multi-lingual and multi-ethic stratifications of Nigeria favor the adoption of English as the official language and so is employed as inter- / intra- national language in Nigeria. To enhance the development of English language in the country and to help Nigerians to gain international acceptability, English is being used in schools, colleges, polytechnics and Universities in Nigeria. It is an important core subject in the school curriculum.

The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) and the National Examination Council (NECO) are the examining-bodies responsible for the examination of English Language at the secondary school level in Nigeria. …

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