Academic journal article Researchers World

Students Attitude in English and Vernacular Medium in Secondary Schools

Academic journal article Researchers World

Students Attitude in English and Vernacular Medium in Secondary Schools

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT

As an Associate Professor of Psychology in a well known institution has interesting observation that students coming from the schools of vernacular language experiences psychological disturbance ad find themselves difficult to get adjusted to English medium college. Further it is also noted that a student coming from vernacular language feels shy, nervous, less well mannered, underachievers, and gets easily distracted which in turn gets affected on their overall personality characteristics. Whereas students coming from English medium schools, is well behaved, disciplined, bold and gets adjusted very well with over all atmosphere of the institution as a part of life. This observation awakened the interest and focused on students attitude related to the English and vernacular language as a medium of instruction in secondary school Here investigation centers around the medium of instruction in school affects the attitude of the students studying in it.In all 360 students participated in the study. Out of which 180 students were from English medium and 180 students were from Vernacular medium which was chosen sample. The questionnaire-cum-attitude scale was used to collect the quantitative data and an informal interview was used to collect qualitative data. Results show that there was significant difference between the attitudes of students from both medium schools.

Keyword: Attitude, psychology, vernacular and English Medium,

INTRODUCTION:

As an Associate Professor of Psychology in a well known institution has interesting observation that students coming from the schools of vernacular language experience psychological disturbance and find it difficult to adjust to English medium colleges. Further, it is also noted that students coming from vernacular language feel diffident and nervous. They experience inferiority complex and get easily distracted, which in turn gets reflected on their overall personality. Most of the time, these students were found to be underachievers. On the other hand, the students coming from English medium schools generally were well behaved, disciplined, and bold. They easily get adjusted to the overall atmosphere of the institution. This observation awakened the interest of the researcher and so decided to focus on the attitude of the students coming from English Medium schools and Vernacular Medium schools. The present investigation centers Attitude of the students related to Medium of Instruction: vernacular and English.

English is the most widely used language in the world. The significant aspect of English is its unprecedented distribution. It is the first language of countries like the United Kingdom, the United States of America, New Zealand, Australia and Canada. It is no longer the native language of these particular countries. By accidents of history and by rapid spread of industrial development, science, technology, international trade and by the explosion in the speed and ease of travel and by all the factors which have broken down frontiers and forced nations into closer interdependence, English has become the Langua Franca of the world.

IMPORTANCE OF ENGLISH IN INDIA :

English is now taught as the 'second language' in schools in nearly every country in the world. In India, English was introduced by the British with the introduction of the east India Company in 1600. The Christian missionaries further popularized the use of English. Their network of English medium schools had a great impact and still continues. The decision of the British government to make English the official medium of education made English an important language. Before the introduction of English in India, each princely state had its own policy about the language of education. Hindi, Urdu, Sanskrit, Marathi and Persian were the languages of wider communication. But the introduction of Lord Macaulay's Minute in 1835 changed the whole scene. Lord Macaulay's Minute led to the use of English as the language of education in India during the British rule. …

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