Academic journal article Researchers World

The Relationship between Leadership Styles and Motivation of Managers Conceptual Framework

Academic journal article Researchers World

The Relationship between Leadership Styles and Motivation of Managers Conceptual Framework

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT

Transformational leadership is implemented when leaders involve broaden and elevate their sub-ordinates' interests, when they generate awareness and acceptance of the group's tasks and mission. This also happen when a leader creates the need within subordinates to look beyond their own self-interests for the good of others. Transactional leadership involves leader-follower exchanges necessary for achieving routine performance agreed upon between leaders and followers. Situational leadership involves the flexible leaders to have the social perceptiveness and information to match their behavior with situational demands which that indicates to the more flexible leader is one who is capable of showing a wider verity and range of situation appropriate behavioral responses.

Keywords: Leadership styles, Motivation, leader

INTRODUCTION:

An organization is a social set up, which has a boundary that divides it from its environment, pursues its own collective goals, and controls its own performance. In a formal organization, interactions are rationally coordinated and directed through time on a continuous basis. The person at the helm of affairs is usually the leader (Ekeland, 2005).

Fry et al., (2005) mentioned that the field of performance excellence has emphasized the need to go beyond reporting financial metrics to include non-financial predictors of financial performance such as customer satisfaction, organizational outputs such as quality and delivery, process or internal operating measures, and employee commitment and growth. Recent developments in strategic scorecards, performance measurement and quality, also pointed out the pivotal role that employee well-being, commitment, and productivity played in predicting other key strategic performance indicators. Of these performance categories, employee commitment was the central and leading indicator. Moreover, a high degree of workplace spirituality and spiritual leadership, as a driver of organizational commitment and productivity, is essential to optimizing organizational performance (Fry and Matherly, 2006).

Organization improve performance in order to anticipate change and develop new structures, effective leadership performance may be essential to ensure that change leads to increased effectiveness, efficiency and profitability (Erkutlu, 2008). Thus, it is encourage understanding the relationship between leadership and business performance is required.

Bowery (2004) mentioned that it is important to differentiate between leadership as personal quality and as organization function. The later entails special combination of personal characteristics, which brings to light qualities and individuals abilities (Bowery, 2004). The former refers to the distribution of power throughout an organization and it brings to focus the pattern of power and authority in the organization.

Erkutlu (2008) defined Leadership as a social influence process. It involves determined the group or organization's objectives, encouraged behavior in pursuit of these objectives, and influencing group maintenance and culture. It is a group phenomenon; there are no leaders without followers. Because of that, leaders who are always stand on the stem of the ship; play a vital role in group or organization. Therefore, leaders must be the good image in others' eyes; especially leader's words are golden words in term of followers' respect. Leadership is one of the necessary and importance characteristics of a leader; it is one of the crucial factors that lead to success. This also means that if those who got the leadership will be the ones who keep the key of great leader. It is considered as a social influence process.

Abdul Hadi (2004) mention that the effective of leadership is considered a determining factor in creating high performance organization. Because of its significance, leadership as topic has received considerable attention particularly in the western world, beginning early this century and continuing until the present. …

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