Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

The Transcontextualization of Sustainable Development in a Mining Exploration Milieu: A Transect on the Alangan Mangyans

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

The Transcontextualization of Sustainable Development in a Mining Exploration Milieu: A Transect on the Alangan Mangyans

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study contends that although an array of factors may impinge on the evolution of the development perspective of indigenous peoples, the discourse of globalization orchestrated through mining exploration is a crucial force in reconstructing the concept of sustainable development. In broad stroke, the inquiry centers on the amphimixis of etic and emic perspectives of sustainable development, ancestral domain, and eco-spirituality as manifested in the mining exploration in Victoria, Mindoro Oriental, Philippines. Based on the ethnographic accounts gathered through in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, and observation, the study concludes that Alangan Mangyans have holistic concept of sustainable development. The interconnection between the concept of sustainable development, ancestral domain and eco-spirituality asserts that the development perspective of Alangan Mangyans has been a product of long experience and not merely a reflection of a primitive way of life. The transcontextualization of the aforesaid concepts has been orchestrated by the discourse of globalization manifested in the realm of mining exploration.

Keywords: transcontextualization, sustainable development, ancestral domain, eco-spirituality, etic, emic

1. Transcontextualization of Sustainable Development: A Panoptic Gaze on the Alangan Mangyans

History has proven that different societies are continuously transformed through time. The factors that propel transformation can be internal or external. Internal factors can be associated to the self-initiative of people in a society to effect change on their culture. On the other hand, external factors refer to the influences coming from the outside of the society.

In third world countries like the Philippines, external factors on cultural and social change are common. The case in point is the immense and diverse effects of globalization on our society. The neo-liberal principle of economy that propagates export-led growth has resulted in tremendous exploitation of natural resources. It has affected the Philippine society in different ways. One of the glaring effects is the evolution of the concept of sustainable development, ancestral domain, and eco-sprituality.

Theoretically, the characterization of change in the concept of sustainable development, ancestral domain, and eco-spirituality is an elaboration of the interplay between humans and social structure. Society hones humans and their perspective but every individual can modify or revolutionize it. Pierre Bourdieu (in Ritzer, 1996) asserts that all actions involve field and habitus that are inextricably interwoven in ongoing human activity or practice. This theoretical postulate is the key theme of this paper. In broad stroke, the inquiry centers on the confluence of etic and emic concepts of sustainable development, ancestral domain, and eco-spirituality among Alangan Mangyans. Specifically, this paper aims to (1) Identify indigenous concepts of sustainable development, ancestral domain, and eco-spirituality; (2) Describe the vestigial concepts of sustainable development, ancestral domain, and eco-spirituality; (3) Identify the factors that facilitate the transcontextualization of the concept of sustainable development, ancestral domain, and eco-spirituality; and (4) Formulate recommendations on how to improve the stewardship of Alangan Mangyans on the preservation of their concept of sustainable development, ancestral domain, and eco-spirituality.

2. The Etic and Emic Nexus: A Theoretical-Conceptual Framework

The theory of field and habitus by Pierre Bourdieu is used as framework in contextualizaing the concepts of sustainable development, ancestral domain, and eco-spirituality among Alangan Mangyans. This theory highlights the linkage between the capacity of an individual to be autonomous in determining his behavior and thoughts and the power of the society or social structure to impose general behavioral patterns. …

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