Academic journal article Researchers World

Promoting Reading Habits and Creating Literate Society

Academic journal article Researchers World

Promoting Reading Habits and Creating Literate Society

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT

Reading habit is an essential and important aspect for creating the literate society in this world. It shapes the personality of an individual and it helps them to develop the proper thinking methods and creating new ideas. At present, due to the influence of the Mass Media, people could not show much interest in reading the books, magazines and journals etc, Therefore, there is the urgent need to develop the reading habit among the individuals in the society. In this paper, the author has discussed the various methods and benefits in improving the reading habits.

Keywords: Reading habit, Re-Thinking, Evaluation, Judging, Literacy, Problem solving.

INTRODUCTION:

In the recent past, educators as well as the general public were in deliberation as to which strategy was the most effective means to teach reading. Some argued that phonics, the teaching of basic skills, was the better approach whereas others believed that whole language, a more holistic philosophy of literature-based instruction, was the superior method. Although the dispute never resulted in a definitive answer, the general consensus among educators is that a combination of the two strategies provides a balanced and comprehensive method for teaching reading.

Effective reading is the most important avenue of effective learning. Reading is interrelated with the total educational process and hence, educational success requires successful reading. Reading is the identification of the symbols and the association of appropriate meaning with them.It requires identification and comprehension. Comprehension skills help the learner to understand the meaning of words in isolation and in context.

Before the advent of the TV, both the young and the old found enough time to read. Apart from teachers, other professionals used to spend their leisure time in reading both English and vernacular literature. English medium schools insisted upon extra reading from their students. But all these have become a thing of the past. Now, reading habit has lost importance as both the young and the old is glued to the TV. As far as the educational institutions are concerned, coaching students for the examinations seems to be the be-all and end-all of our educational system.

REVIEW OF LITERATURE:

Naik, S.N. (1981) studied the reading interest and abilities of adolescents and adults.

1.The aim of the study was to understand the general nature of reading interest and habit of people above the age of fifteen.

2.To study the development process of these interests.

Data were collected through questionnaire, and the data were analysed in respect of the reading of newspapers, magazines and books. Social psychology of readers and interests of various age-groups were analysed separately. A supplementary investing on the reading development of VII to XII class students was done.

The following were the important findings of the study:

1.Newspapers were read more than any other material.

2.Women in every age group read less newspaper.

3.Magazine reading increased with age.

4.Men read more than women.

5.Sports magazines were very popular up to the age of 40.

6.Development factors of reading related to psychological growth and socio-cultural advancement were different at different age level.

7.At the primary stage only the story books were read.

T.R. Nagappa conducted a survey on behalf of the Karnataka State Adult Education Council in 1988. He interviewed 410 adult in nine districts in this State. The results of the study are as follows:

1.Religion and folk literature have a high reading appeal for neo-literates. Next are the topics dealing with occupation. Topics which are already familiar to the community to some extent are preferred for reading by the neo-literates.

2.CE Books for neo-literates should take into consideration the age, sex and occupation of the readers as they influence reading interests. …

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