The paper selects 159 teachers of Changchun University of Science and Technology (CUST) by stratified sampling method to perform questionnaire survey, determines five factors that influence the job stress of university teachers by principal component analysis. It also analyzes the influence of academic title, gender, age, education background, length of service and discipline difference on the job stress so as to guide universities to deal with teachers' job stress.
Key words: University teacher; Job stress; Job performance
Le présent texte sélectionne 159 professeurs de l'Universitéde de la science et de la technologie de Changchun (CUST) par la méthode d'échantillonnage stratifié pour effectuer enquête par questionnaire, détermine cinq facteurs qui influencent le stress au travail des professeurs d'université par l'analyse en composantes principales. Il analyse également l'influence du titre de formation, le sexe, l'âge, l'éducation de base, la durée de service et de la différence de discipline sur le stress au travail afin de guider les universités à faire face au stress d'emploi des enseignants.
Mots Clés: Professeur d'université; Le stress au travail; Le rendement au travail
Education is critical to the prosperity of a nation and universities are the source of innovation. University teachers play an important role for the quality of higher education, but the economic system reform from the planned economy to market economy, college enrollment expansion since 1999, undergraduate and graduate education quality assessment have put great stress on teachers' teaching, research and social capital accumulation. University teachers' outflow and death at an early age that happened frequently are becoming the center of public attention in different departments. On January 13, 2012, the event that a teacher of Tsinghua University named Cao Z. X. sent out a microblog for help was proved resulted from excessive stress. The survey data shows that 40-50 year-old is the peak period of university teachers' death, but this period is the right time for them to get achievements. However, the arduous task of teaching, the stress of increasing research requirements and the difficulty in pursuit of academic titles put more and more stress on them. So it is theoretically and practically important for us to study the influencing factors of the job stress of university teachers who take great social responsibility so that to build a harmonious academic and research environment, improve teaching quality of teachers and enhance students' learning efficiency, reduce the stress of student employment and improve the overall quality of Chinese.
1. THE DEFINITION OF TEACHERS' JOB STRESS
1.1 Stress and Job Stress
Stress is a kind of dynamic scenario, in which an individual has to face the opportunities, limitations and requirements related to his or her desired goal, and the result from the dynamic scenarios is considered to be important and uncertain. According to the definition of stress, the existence of stress relies on three conditions: (i) there are opportunities, constraints and requirements related to an individual; (ii) the result of the opportunities, limitations and requirements is considered important by; (iii) the result is uncertain.
(2) Job stress
Job stress, also known as job tension, is the tense feeling in the work environment because of job. In a narrow sense, job stress means an employee's stress felt in the work scenario. In a broad sense, job stress includes the stress an employee experiences in and outside work. In this paper, job stress means the stress in a broad sense.
1.2 The Concept of Teacher's Job Stress
Inspired by the research on stress and job stress, many scholars have studied teachers' job stress. At present, their isn't a uniform definition of teacher' job stress, Qin Ping believes that a teacher's job stress is a series of passive feelings in his occupation activity because his self-esteem and safety are threatened due to the duties, requirements, expectations he bears are beyond his ability, such as anger and anxiety. …