Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Legal Consideration of Recognizing Dual Nationality in China/ VISANT SUR LA REFLECTION DE LOI DE LA DOUBLE NATIONALITES APPROUVEES PAR LA CHINE

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Legal Consideration of Recognizing Dual Nationality in China/ VISANT SUR LA REFLECTION DE LOI DE LA DOUBLE NATIONALITES APPROUVEES PAR LA CHINE

Article excerpt

Abstract

Currently, China adopts the principle of non-recognition of dual nationality. However, with the continuous development of society, and increasingly frequent international cooperation and exchanges, Chinese emigrants abroad are crying for state to recognize dual nationality system. And also, the issue of dual nationality has triggered a fierce debate in China. Under new situation in China, limited or targeted recognizing dual nationality meets the requirements of the law and applies theory to practice. China should make appropriate adaptations to the nationality policy so as to meet the demands of current economic and social development better.

Key words: Dual nationality; Nationality law; Reciprocal principle; Overseas Chinese

Résumé

Actuellement, la loi de la naturalisation n'approuve pas la double nationalités. Cependant, avec le développement sans cesse de notre société, l'augmentation de jour en jour de la collaboration et l'échange de la communication avec l'international, La demande des immigrants qui sont des chinois d'origine pour la réforme d' approuveront de la Double nationalités ne cesse de se croître, le sujet de la Double Nationalité, ce sujet de la Double nationalité a également entraîner des discussions animées. La Chine sous la nouvelle forme, l'approuvement de la double nationalités est limité ou visée, mais ce dernier est conformé aux exigences judicaires et l'application de Ia pratique. La Chine devrait adjuster un peu ses réformes, afin de mieux s'adapter aux besoins de l'ère du développement de la société et de l'économie d'actelle.

Mots clés: Double nationalités; Loi de Ia naturalisation; Principe égale; Chinois d'étranger

According to Nationality Law of the People's Republic of China, the People's Republic of China does not recognize dual nationality for any Chinese national. Under this section, overseas Chinese who has acquired foreign nationality shall automatically lose Chinese nationality. With this limitation, there has always been a good deal of reaction to it both at home and abroad. The second Session of the Ninth CPPCC introduced a proposal ("No. 2172" project) about revoking the rule of not recognizing dual nationality for any Chinese national in 1999. After that, overseas Chinese in New Zealand presented a petition of 'We Are Eagerly Looking Forward to Amending Nationality Laws of Our Motherland and Recognizing Dual Nationality as Quickly as Possible', to Luo Haocai, former vice-president of CPPCC, when he visiting Singapore; overseas Chinese in European Union also submitted a letter to Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao during his visiting of EU in 2004, about suggestion of amending nationality laws and recognizing dual nationality, in which, the common desire of vast number of overseas Chinese for dual nationality was illustrated by voluminous facts and generous sentiments (Shang, 2008). All these may reflect the dual nationality has become a international hot topic, and whether China should recognize dual nationality is an issue for us to ponder over.

1. NATIONALITY AND DUAL NATIONALITY

Nationality goes with the country. With the building of the State and the concept of state sovereignty becoming increasingly deep, the national affiliation of the country has made important significance. In the perspective of International Law, the nationality of a natural person refers to not only his or her qualification as a national, but also important relation with International Law (Jennings, 1998). In the perspective of Domestic Law, nationality refers to the legal qualification of a person belonging to a particular country as a national (Wang, 1995). As the country is naturally entitled to its own laws to decide who is its own nationals, therefore, the gaining and losing of nationality in principle belongs to the domestic jurisdiction and remains a domestic issue of a country.

More variable with the international concept, each country in its own respective has developed the Nationality Law on different basis. …

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