Academic journal article International Education Studies

Attitudes of Princess Rahma College Students toward University Violence

Academic journal article International Education Studies

Attitudes of Princess Rahma College Students toward University Violence

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study was conducted at the Princess Rahma University College, one of Al Balqa'Applied University colleges and it aims to identify the attitudes of Princess Rahma College students have towards University Violence, by exploring different variables that vary from the level of violence (Low, medium or high), to gender (males or females), educational achievement (excellent, very good, good and satisfactory), academic year (Freshman, Sophomore, Junior and Senior), as well as the type of degree and the financial status

The study sample consists of 242 students. There are 135 males and 107 females randomly chosen from different disciplines of the college. The (AL-Hendy) scale of 2007 for detecting University violence is used and the study consists of (18) paragraphs. The data is analyzed by using the Statistical Analysis Program (SPSS) which calculated the averages, standard deviations and (T) and (F) tests to answer the inquiries of the study.

The study concluded that the tendencies and inclinations of the students towards violence were low. There were statistical differences in the attitudes of the students because of the differences in gender, the differences in the level of educational achievements as well as differences in the academic year. While there were no statistical differences in the economical level or in the type of specializations.

Keywords: Attitudes, Violence, University violence

1. Introduction

The studies of attitudes are considered one of the important issues worth studying and taken into consideration, especially those related to the students' attitudes towards violence in the universities. This issue, along with the elimination of dialogue and free- speech, has become in certain situations a phenomenon. University violence is a social phenomenon that can not be accepted anywhere, especially in Islamic societies; such as the Jordanian society. Tracing back through history, to the times when Cain killed Able, social violence existed, and continued to exist up to this day. However, with the progress of life in its different materialistic aspects, the methods, causes, and consequences of violence varied.

The subject gained the attention of many thinkers and researchers who decided to study this phenomenon and identify its reasons and causes. It also attracted the attention of governments, political leaders, various civil-society institutions and universities. From here, the role of the scientific research was highlighted in the study of this phenomenon, and solutions and resolutions were urgently called for, especially that violence became a wide-spread phenomenon at universities. The concern escalated when in April of 2010, a student at the Al Balqa Applied University was murdered by a fellow student at the University gates. This incident triggered controversy within the members of the Jordanian society as well as within the various civil and political institutions in Jordan.

2. Study Objectives

The study aims to identify the students' attitudes towards university violence. In addition, it aims at recognizing the impact of the students' rates and the level of academic achievement in the formation of the students' attitudes towards university violence. Also the study aims at identifying the financial level (low income, medium and high) and its impact on students. Moreover, the important goals that this study wants to achieve and answer are the effects of gender on the students' attitudes toward student violence. Furthermore; the need to determine whether the specialization and degree, which the students are studying at the Princess Rahma College, have any impact or affect on the attitudes towards student violence. It was also important to identify whether the academic year (freshman, sophomore, Junior and Senior) had any influence on the students' attitudes toward university violence. As noted previously, it is important to study these variables and their effect on the students' attitudes towards university violence because upon determining in which directions such attitudes are developing, appropriate and effective solutions can be easily derived. …

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