Academic journal article International Journal of Education

Study on Adjustment Problems of International Students Studying in Universities of the People's Republic of China: A Comparison of Student and Faculty/Staff Perceptions

Academic journal article International Journal of Education

Study on Adjustment Problems of International Students Studying in Universities of the People's Republic of China: A Comparison of Student and Faculty/Staff Perceptions

Article excerpt

Abstract

China is advancing rapidly and moving towards the path of rich diplomatic relations and cultural exchange programs. With her attempts to internationalize education system, China is inviting good flocks of international students to spread cultural delicacy to all worlds. To some extent, China is successful winning the recognition by developing countries in Asia and Africa while having more and more cultural exchange programs. International education has become important component of universities in China and the value is improved through government support. Universities in China are giving more importance to academic exchange and cooperation with foreign universities. The world ranked universities in China are important that are hosting more flock of international students and have signed agreements with more international universities and promoting international exchange in higher education. It is good for students to study in foreign universities in order to get more exposure and experiences.

The purpose of this study was to examine problems of international students in China and to know the perception of faculty/staff attached with students to compare problems in Higher Education in China. The methodology used in this study was quantitative and qualitative to show problems and experiences of international students in academics, culture and social educational environment in China and comparison of faculty/staff perception to know the extent of understanding in education in China for international students.

The findings of this paper proved that social and cultural problems were more prominent noted in problems in Higher Education in China in cultural, social and academic contexts. The policy recommendations were made to improve Educational understanding for InternationalStudents in China for policy makers and faculty/staff as well.

Keywords: educational problems in international education, language barriers, research problems in education, cultural barriers in education, social problem in education

1. Introduction

International education has become important component of universities in China and the value is improved through government support. Universities in China are giving more importance to academic exchange and cooperation with foreign universities. The world ranked universities in China are important that are hosting more flock of international students and have signed agreements with more international universities and promoting international exchange in higher education. The development of higher education in China is closely related to economic development since 1979 and the government is expending higher education at great level. China membership in World Trade Organization (WTO) means the opening up of market and her participation in world economy. To compete with international market knowledge based economy, China also started participating in higher education import and export to the society and market for development. WTO impacted in Chinese Higher education market and China is decreasing the gap between Chinese higher education and higher education in developed countries and Chinese higher education institutes have introduced advance teaching resources (Li & Zhao, 2008, p.1).

After joining WTO, China's higher education has become more market oriented and the higher education system has developed to meet the needs of international educational standards. After joining WTO, foreign capital in higher education and competition in international exchange is increased in China and the massive reform and up gradation of higher education is started.

It is good for students to study in foreign universities in order to get more exposure and experiences. The universities in China yet now have not enough attraction for International students because they have not good plans for foreign students (Rong, 2005, p. 5) and under the complex international situation and tremendous pressure of competition, Chinese government is trying best to provide better facilities to international students in academics and social life. …

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