Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Value Preferences Predicting Narcissistic Personality Traits in Young Adults*

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

Value Preferences Predicting Narcissistic Personality Traits in Young Adults*

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study aimed at showing how the value preferences of young adults could predict the narcissistic characteristics of young adults according to structural equation modeling. 133 female (59.6%) and 90 male (40.4%), total 223 young adults participated the study (average age: 25.66, ranging from 20 to 38). Ratio group sampling method was used while choosing the participants. In order to collect data "Narcissistic Personality Inventory" and "Schwartz's Value Scale" were used. The theoretical model was tested in terms of structural equation modeling by using AMOS 16 program. The study revealed that power, success, hedonism, excitation, self-control and universality have positive effects on narcissism, while benevolence, safety have a negative effect on narcissism. Although being quite weak and powerless, narcissistic personalities are always in need of power towards outer world. This enforces them to exist despite "the other". On the other hand the need of benevolence and safety enforce people to take notice of others and exist together with the other.

Key Words

Personality, Narcissistic Personality, Value, Schwartz's Value Scale.

It is not easy to describe narcissism. Narcissism is person's loving and liking himself, and feeling himself important and valuable, also being pleased with himself.

Self-respect, eigenvalue, self- esteem, or self-worth are the feelings which someone feels about his valuableness. Naturally these feelings reveal most when communicating with other people (Özmen, 2006). When etymologically focused on, narcissism comes from the Greek word narke which means stolidity or being insensitive towards sensual stimulus (Geçtan, 2010). When we focus on psychology, the term narcissism is mostly seen in psychoanalytical texts. The term was used by Nacke in 1899 to define human behavior towards his own body as behaving someone else's body in sexual aspect, in other words looking, loving or patting his own body in order to get satisfied, (Freud, 1914/2007). Freud mentioned about narcissism while talking about object choice in homosexuality in his work Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. "They consider themselves as sexual objects. They start from a narcissist point and they look for a man who would represent themselves and love them as their mothers do". In 1909 Freud started to think about inserting a intermediate phase between autoerotism and object choice. In this phase there is also a sexual object, yet this object is child's herself or her body. Thus, this phase is called "narcissism" (Egilmez, 1996). Before the term narcissism was owned by psychoanalysis, it was defining a specific term, a kind of sexual deviation. Although this sexual deviation is defined in psychological text, it was first associated with Narkisos myth by English sexual scientist Ellis (1998 cited in Kiziltan, n.d.). Ellis not only mentioned about the specific deviancy, but also pointed out the connection of the term with behaviors not associated with sexuality in his article published in 1898 for the first time... "it is mostly seen among women and is defined as concerning about and admiring herself and getting lost in this situation at times." (Cooper, 1986 cited in Kiziltan, n.d.).

In Freud's Narcissism, the term is considered in the psychoanalytic theory and associated with libidinal investment. While taking into consideration this issue theoretically, Freud aims at adding narcissistic phenomenon creating issues in terms of instinct theory to his general theory. Meanwhile, Freud tries to disprove the views of Jung and Adler who put forward libido theory.

But the result is complicated and deduction has never reached satisfying results. The main idea of the Narcissism is the existing of a phase during which person chooses her own ego and as the object of libido. The need to improve premier and normal narcissism was emerged as a result of describing schizophrenia considering libido theory. …

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