Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

The Started Newly and Retired Primary School Teachers' Opinions Related to Occupational Values and Analyzing the Chance of These Values*

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

The Started Newly and Retired Primary School Teachers' Opinions Related to Occupational Values and Analyzing the Chance of These Values*

Article excerpt

Abstract

Aim of this research is to present what the occuptational values are and changes in these values according to the opinions of the teachers who retired in the last five years and who have started the job in the last five years. This study was designed to determine the levels of factors concerning quality in research methods and phenomenology model was used. Study group of the research is comprised of primary school teachers who have retired in the last five years and have started their job in the last five years, via criterion sampling method. Data has been collected with structured interview tecnique. Findings have been analyzed with descriptive analysis tecnique. Results of the research show that there are differences in the opinions of the primary school teachers, who have retired in the last five years and who have started the job in the last five years, about the occupational values and changes in these values. Especially, as regards occupational satisfaction and teaching profession is well regarded, primary school teachers who have retired in the last five years have mentioned more positive opinions than primary school teachers who have started their job in the last five years. Another result is that retired primary school teacher who have started their job in the last five years think that value given to teaching profession reduced and with the increase of the educational level of the community, the value given to the teaching profession will increase.

Key Words

Value, Occupational Value, Change in the Value, Primary School Teacher, Retired Teacher.

One of the major aims of the research on values is to determine the present value tendency and to find out the interaction of the tendencies with their attitude, behaviour, social experience and roles (Mehmedoglu, 2006). An interiorised belief related to how an individual has to behave (Meglino & Ravlin, 1998) or criteria which is for determining what is right and what is wrong, what is good and what is bad can be described in different ways. Aim of the values is to help us understand who we are, why we do the things which we do, what we want to do. But meanwhile we must know why these rules have been presented; that they are guides for us to make right decisions, that they are not body of rules which always help us to find the correct answer (Lebow & Simon, 1999; Sagie, Elizur, & Koslowsky, 1996).

Values are a part of life, and values can be thought to be gained in society by living. Kerschensteiner (1954) mentions that all teams formed by men must develop values. Carr (2010) states that some personality traits can enter the occupational values. Brady (2011) too says that education process is full of occupational and personal values and teachers bring these values to the class unconsciously.It can be revealed that there are values developed by the teachers and which values are necessary for their development. While performing teaching profession, there are some moral principles, values related to the job and man (Sisman & Acat, 2003, p. 238). Core values of the society forms the value system of the teaching profession. Directors at school, teachers themselves and thoughts of the parents who send their children to school have important effect on forming of these values (Çelikten, Sanal, & Yeni, 2005, p. 209). Changes in many subjects such as developments in human rights, changes in children's being perceived and changes in outlook on children, development of fundamental rights and freedoms, increase in the level of education anticipation of family and society from the school have forced schools and the teachers to change (Dönmez, 2011, p. 5).

Values don't ceartinly tell us what we have to do, but they guide us for the right things to do (Gudmunsdottir, 1991). Knowing the differences in the value system ensures understanging of the social structure of the society and family structure. Above all, it helps us to understand individual's needs, anticipations, and perceptions, and so that ensures the communication efficiency among the individuals. …

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