Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Academic Activities after School That Help Secondary School Children's Cognitive Development through Hermeneutic Analysis

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Academic Activities after School That Help Secondary School Children's Cognitive Development through Hermeneutic Analysis

Article excerpt

Abstract

This research is an effort to look into academic activities after school that help secondary school students in cognition development through Hermeneutic analyse for students of Pantai Remis Secondary School, Perak. This research is also to show that Hermeneutic understanding method can be applied effectively to identify academic activities after school that help secondary school students in their cognition development. This research involved 20 secondary school students from Form 1 to Form 3. They were asked to write a reflective essay about academic activities that they did after school hours. Their reflective essays were made a research text that will be using Hermeneutic analyse to find out academic activities that help their cognition development. This research shows that if a student can do positive activities after school such as doing revision, going for tuition, attending classes, doing homework, studying at home, doing module paper, involving school work, carrying out exercises, attending extra classes, involving in ritual study, going to class and attending study with teacher, involving in preparation class, doing mathematic exercises, reading, doing notes, going to library to study, reading geography, reading notes from internet, watching Astro channel that shows education programmes and reading books, thus they can help their cognition development and become excellent students in academic.

Keywords: cognition development, secondary school, academic activities, Hermeneutic analysis, after-school.

1. Introduction

Education system in Malaysia has made children from the age of 6 to attend school. They will start from kindergarten and go on to high school and universities. Children will start to learn from 7.30 in the morning and will end at 1.00pm. After that, they will have extra curricular activities to gain more knowledge. Activities are tasks or actions carried out in addition to subject and give wisdom and knowledge to students (Kamus Dewan, 2005). After-school activity means any activity which followed an extension of the teaching and learning in the classroom that give students the opportunity to enhance, consolidate and practice knowledge, skills and values in the classroom. There are a lot of activities that can be benefitted by them such as music classes, tuition and so on. These activities can make them to develop their cognition and as a result, they will get good results in examinations held in schools. Their time will also be fulfilled with good activities that will not spoil their future. Malaysian education programme has been done so that children will have a balanced development from physical, emotion, social and religion aspects.

Moriana (2006) has selected 12 schools to assess the relationship between achievement and involvement in additional after-school activities either at school or outside school, such as music classes, badminton, tuition and so forth. The results obtained once again shows that when students are involved in additional activities to obtain excellent results in academics. Quinn (2004) stated academic after-school activities can enrich the understanding, enrichment and academic reinforcement. Starting from the indoor games like chess to sports activities can expose students to new relationships and ideas explored. In addition, after-school activities to reduce alcohol consumption and acceptance among peers are a growing trend (Fredricks, 2005).

Darling, Caldwell and Smith (2005) has been doing research on the effects of after-school activities for students' academic achievement and found that students who are actively involved in academic activities that are beneficial after-hours can improve their cognition development in the academic field in which they can obtain excellent results. This is because they move their minds active and alert.

Crane (2010) has stated that after-school activities can improve students' academic equivalent of social skills. …

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