Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Analysis of Colonialism and Its Impact in Africa

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Analysis of Colonialism and Its Impact in Africa

Article excerpt

Abstract

The work took a hard and critical look on the impact of colonialism and its concomitant ally, imperialism on the African state. The analysis revealed that the present primary role of African states in the international world economy as the dominant sources of raw materials and major consumers of manufactured products are the results of long years of colonial dominance, exploitation and imperialism. Consequently, on attainment of independence by most African states from their colonial overlords, it was extremely very difficult to disentangle from the colonial perfected role for the state because of the systematic disarticulation in the indigenous economy and the intrinsic tying of same with the external economy of the colonizers. The work also made a startling stark revelation by discovering through analysis that the deep-seated corruption in most African states and the selfish behaviour of some of the political leaders to sit tight in office even when they have obviously outlived their usefulness in the eyes of their people, are attributable to the effects of colonialism and imperialism. The work concludes and recommends that for African states to overcome their present social, economic, political, health, education woes, etc., there is the urgent need for the people and the leadership to create their own indigenous identity, culture, technology, economy, education, religion, craft, etc. that would be interwoven in good governance.

Key Words: Colonialism; Good governance; Impact; African states and Europe

Stephen Ocheni, Basil C. Nwankwo (2012). Analysis of Colonialism and Its Impact in Africa. Cross-Cultural Communication, 8(3), 46-54. Available from URL: http://www.cscanada.net/ index. php/ccc/article/view/j. ecc. 1923670020 120803. 11 89

DOI: http://dx.doi.Org/10.3968/j.ccc. 1923670020120803. 1189.

INTRODUCTION

Colonialism is the direct and overall domination of one country by another on the basis of state power being in the hands of a foreign power (For example, the direct and overall domination of Nigeria by Britain between 1900-1960). The first objective of colonialism is political domination. Its second objective is to make possible the exploitation of the colonized country.

When we talk of colonialism in Africa we are talking of phenomenon which took place between 1800-1960s. It is a phenomenon which is part and parcel of another phenomenon called imperialism. In fact, colonialism is a direct form of imperialism. This is why it is often said that "all colonialism is imperialism, but not all imperialism is colonialism".

Colonialism began as a result of changes in the mode of production in Europe (For example, the emergence of industrial revolution). The industrial revolution ushered in a new process of production in place of the earlier slave-based economy. The industrial revolution was a revolutionary trend in the history of mankind. The problem of how to lubricate machineries came up with the emergence of the industrial revolution. The slave trade and slavery have by this time fulfilled their basic function of providing the primitive capital. The quest for the investment of the accumulated capital and the need for raw materials led to the colonization of Africa.

The main focus of the study is on the analysis of colonialism and its impact in Africa. The work will be examined under two broad headings. The first is the reasons for colonization of Africa and the strategies used to achieve the colonial objectives. The second is the impacts of colonialism in Africa. There will also be conclusion/reflections at the end of the chapter.

REASONS FOR THE COLONIZATION OF AFRICA AND THE STRATEGIES

Used to Achieve the Colonial Objectives

The colonization of Africa by European powers was necessitated by several factors. Notable, among the factors was the emergence of the industrial revolution which brought about a rapid change in the socio-economic transformation and technology of the European countries. …

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