Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

A Study of Opportunities and Threats of Descriptive Assessment from Managers, Teachers and Experts Points of View in Chaharmahal and Bakhteyari Primary Schools

Academic journal article Canadian Social Science

A Study of Opportunities and Threats of Descriptive Assessment from Managers, Teachers and Experts Points of View in Chaharmahal and Bakhteyari Primary Schools

Article excerpt

Abstract

The aim of current study is to determine the strength and weakness of executing descriptive evaluation from the viewpoint of deans, teachers and experts of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province. A survey descriptive approach was performed. Statistical population includes 208 deans, 303 teachers, and 100 executive experts of descriptive evaluation scheme in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province in educational year 1387-88. Sample's volume after some statistical estimation calculated to be 175, and members of the sample were selected by random sampling of a category proportional to the selected volume, that contains 100 teachers, 50 deans and 25 experts. To identify the justifiability of the inventory, opinions of twelve persons including advisor professor, consulting professor, designer of the descriptive evaluation scheme, four of educational planning department professors and five of experts holding masters and Ph. D. degrees that are executives of the scheme in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, were used. Measurement tools included; 1) documents including reports, regulations and documents related to the running of this plan; 2) interviews conducted to use the opinions of experts in doing descriptive evaluation; 3) a self-administrated questionnaire including 4 items and 74 close-ended questions, and open-ended ones. For analyzing the data produced by inventory, we used SPSS-13 to analyze the data in two levels of descriptive and inferential. We also have used single variable t-test, independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and least significant difference (LSD) tests. Results showed that the executives of descriptive evaluation scheme in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province evaluate the so called scheme above average regarding to four scales (strength and weakness).

Key words: Chaharmahal; Bakhteyari; Opportunities; Threats; Primary school

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

INTRODUCTION

During the past few years, there have been extensive arguments over educational reforms in schools. The evaluation of students is considered as a key factor in school reformation and improvement in education and learning (Seif, 2010). Dissatisfied with traditional forms of evaluation, most countries decided to revise and reconsider their evaluation systems. During the last two decades, the researchers in this field have also proposed new methods of evaluation. This new method is called descriptive evaluation as opposed to the traditional system of evaluation and based on new educational attitudes to combat the challenge the educational system faces (Hassani & Ahmadi, 2005). This system of descriptive evaluation was passed in the 296th summit of the supreme council of education along with setting goals for the tentative scheme of descriptive evaluation in elementary school students with one of its main objectives being the reformation of education - learning process in classrooms. An increased mental stability (stability of learning), increased interest in learning, attention to the objectives of non-cognitive areas are considered as other objectives of this project (Hassani, 2006). It is expected that proper evaluation will pave the way for educational reforms. In traditional educational systems, evaluation was performed as the last step in order to make judgments about the students going on to higher levels. Currently, evaluation is an indispensible part of the teaching - learning process, which focuses on leading the students' learning rather than classifying them (Pasha Sharifi, 2004).

THE NECESSITY OF THE STUDY

The academic evaluation system is one of the components of the educational system, which connects education and learning. It is one of the factors improving these two components. The evaluation of academic improvement is an important subject which has received great attention from educational experts and policy makers (Nevo, 1995). Educational evaluation involves the process of planning, development and provision of descriptive information about the components of the curriculum (Mehr Mohammadi, 2002). …

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