Academic journal article Economics & Sociology

Information Society and Knowledge-Based Economy - Development Level and the Main Barriers - Some Remarks

Academic journal article Economics & Sociology

Information Society and Knowledge-Based Economy - Development Level and the Main Barriers - Some Remarks

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT. In the article were introduced main features of development of information society and knowledge-based economy, evolution stages of the information society and conception of development the information sector. It was identified the phenomenon of helplessness towards the information source and phenomenon of information exclusion.

Keywords: information society, knowledge-based economy, phenomenon of helplessness towards the information source, phenomenon of information exclusion.


The notion of the information society has numerous literature, where there are conditions, which are identified and specified. A certain and real society has to realize these conditions in order to recognise them as the information society. They most often concern wide-thread access to Internet, number of computers per capita or number of cell telephones per thousand people. More seldom, one takes into consideration such issues like the following ones, the expenditures on R+D (research & development) or part of sector of information services in gross national product creating.

These definitional shortages join with fact, that the information society and the accompanying knowledge-based economy is at the beginning of its development. In such conditions, it is easy for some simplifications and treating quasi-information society as the information society. The aim of the following article is to identify the attributes and the levels of information society development and knowledge-based economy, and the distinction among information society and quasi-information society.

The applied methodology base on the quasi-dynamic holistic approach, and is useful at the first stage of the analysis. With consideration to the limited volume of this article, one did not introduce the results within model indicatory character. One also did not specify critical levels of these coefficients, and it was not related to the development level in particular countries. It will be a subject of the book (already prepared to printing process), titled: "Information society and knowledge-based economy - development challenges and barriers".

Notion of information society and knowledge-based economy in the literature - some remarks

The notion of the information society was introduced Tadlo Umeaso in 1963. He defined the information society as the society getting informed through the computer. The first group of definition which one can name "technological" came into being this way. Such definition was also formulated by Martin Bangemann for the European Committee. Information society is "the revolution based on the information, which is a picture of human knowledge. Technological progress makes possible to process, storage, regain and pass the information, in every possible form - verbal, written or visual - unrestricted by distance, time and volume" (Bangemann, 1994). We find similar elements in the definition of OECD (Phillip).

One can find many various kinds of the definition of information society, which show certain aspects of this category, such: (1) technical, (2) economic, based on knowledge development and information, (3) professional, according to which information society creates and extorts the elastic specialization of work and production, (4) spatial, in the state and globe scale, and (5) cultural, emphasizing varied social, psychological, and interpersonal transformations.

Such definitions correlate with the attributes of the knowledge-based economy. Stanislaw Czaja notices: "The economic basis of the information society, knowledge-based economy, is a completely new form of an economic activity. It is mainly based on: (1) domination of knowledge as a fundamental economic resources and production-development factor, (2) the highest participation in the structure of producing the gross national product of information structure, (3) excessive productive possibilities, (4) generating, sending, accumulating and a general use of information-knowledge sets, (5) innovations connected with knowledge, (6) competitiveness based on information, (7) general occurrence and use of new information and communication technologies and (8) the numerous domination of the self-learning organization" (Czaja, 2010, pp. …

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