Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

The Impact of Systematic Training Approach on the Operational Performance of Manufacturing and Engineering Industries in Southwest Zone of Nigeria

Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

The Impact of Systematic Training Approach on the Operational Performance of Manufacturing and Engineering Industries in Southwest Zone of Nigeria

Article excerpt

Training in industry is effective only to the extent that it is planned, structured and systematic. However inspite of the indigenization degree of 1974 research evidence has shown that only a few industries are offering training based on identification of needs. It is the seriousness of the possible implication of this situation on the operational performance of the industries that motivates this research work to determine the impact of systematic approach to training, as a step in raising the productivity and efficiency of manufacturing and engineering industries.

The research design adopted for the study was a survey and documentary analysis. The area covered by the study consisted of manufacturing and engineering industries in South West of Nigeria. Stratified sampling technique was used to select the respondents for the study. The instrument used was validated and pilot-tested to ascertain the internal consistency using Cronbach Alpha. The reliability coefficient of the questionnaire was 0.71. Data obtained were analysed using mean, one-way analysis of variance, percentages and frequency count The results of data analyses indicated that there is no significant difference in the mean responses of the Training Managers, Trainers, and Supervisors.

The respondents were of the view that industries should have well articulated training and staff development policy and employ full time training officers. The implications of this study for those engaged in Human Resources Development are highlighted. Based on the findings, it was recommended that for training to be cost effective, it must be properly planned, carefully designed, meticulously developed, professionally implemented and thoroughly evaluated.

Keywords:- Systematic Training, Impact, Performance, Human Resource Development.

Systematic Training is considered as a key instrument in bringing about a smooth transition from a present known state of affairs of an organisation to the organisation that is envisaged for the future. Thus it is consequently considered according to Pheysey (1997) as a useful organisation development intervention. Furthermore, some see it as a sequential training procedure used by organisation to facilitate employees' learning so that their resultant behaviour contributes to the attainment of the organisation goals and objectives, (Armstrong 2007; Enemali 2010). Irrespective of the definitions of systematic training, the general assumption is that the key to maximum manpower utilisation lies in the effectiveness of training and development.

Reflecting on the historical development of the socio-economic organisations in Nigeria, it is important to learn that there was an initial set back in the management of skills acquisition and the training of individual workers. Expectedly the granting of independence to Nigeria in 1960 was to usher in a new era of rapid progress and economic development. On the contrary, many years after independence, Nigeria is yet to show any real evidence of a sound basis for worthwhile and competitive economic development. The evidence of the education and training experience of Japan, the former Soviet Union and most of the western world in supporting a robust economy and an impressive technology have perhaps, been decisive in persuading people, of the dynamic power and impact of education, training and retraining in stimulating and sustaining economic growth. However, in order to generate trained workforce to produce and sustain economic development to improve the Nigeria economy, the government made efforts to expand education and training, (Fourth National Development Plan 1981 - 1985}.

The initial efforts aimed at achieving the economic growth were concentrated on the expansion of formal education institutions at all levels (Adewoye, 1979). However, the products of the National formal Education Institutions although considerably increased in number, were not, for lack of adequate industrial training, able to acquire the skills, knowledge and the varied technological expertise required to meet the needs of special and vital sectors of the economy. …

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