Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Sport Roles as Correlate of Development and Peace among Crisis-Communities Area in Nigeria

Academic journal article Ife Psychologia

Sport Roles as Correlate of Development and Peace among Crisis-Communities Area in Nigeria

Article excerpt

Human beings are inseparable from conflicts. The intervention of sports in conflict resolved provide meaningful life of an early stage of young people who are usually being used causing problems, thereby reduced the risk of involvement in anti-social behaviour. A survey research was carried out of expo-facto design, with total sample of one thousand, seven hundred respondents from three senatorial districts of crisis region communities of South-Eastern zone, Nigeria. A structured validated questionnaire: Sports Roles for Development and Peace Inventory (SRDPI) contained two instruments: Sports Roles Questionnaire (SRQ) and Sports for Development and Peace Questionnaire (SDPQ) with reliability result obtained as .83 to .50 and all variables yielding 0.88. While the Sports for Development and Peace Questionnaire (SDPQ) result obtained was 0.76 of cronbrach alpha coefficient. Multiple regression analysis was used to analyze data collected for the two hypotheses at 0.05 significant level. The result shows that there was a relative contribution of each of the independent variables on the dependent. Character building variables contributed more than the other (57%) of the variance and nationalism through sports having the lowest contribution (10%). The result also shown that the joint effect of the variables on Sport for development and peace was significant (F ^sub (9, 1700)^ = 177.913; R = .698 R^sup 2^ = .487, Adj. R^sup 2^ = 0.484: P < .05). Therefore, countries should endeavour to include sports and physical activities in their development policy and to promote initiatives to increase participation and access to sports, with particular emphasis on young people.

Keywords: Ethnicity, Ethnic conflict, Legacies, Polarization, Social entities

Human beings are inseparable from conflicts, hence conflicts are inevitable parts of life since the goals of different stakeholders are often incompatible (Jones, Gorge & Hill, 2000). It can therefore be appositely said that conflict is an everpresent feature in human relations. Ahuja, Ahuja and Ahuja (1997) asserted that conflict is an inescapable phenomenon in all social organisations and society. Ethnic conflict has become issues in the world over, in Africa it has been compounded by colonial legacies of national states whose artificial boundaries cut across many devices. Diamond and Platter (1994) identified the challenges of ethnic conflict in this question "How can realistic and often antagonistic group identities be reconciled with the unifying mission of the state"? Ethnic groups' polarization result to conflicts as they compete for resources, political, psychological, socio-economic power, and other goals have caused negative consequences of tremendous proportions of which genocide; ethnic clashing and civil wars are some examples (Stremlan, 1999).

According to Bastock (1997) ethnic conflict is the breakdown of accommodation of ethnic minorities within a state. Different researchers (Coleman, 2001, 2003; Greg, 2001) described conflict as a conscious phenomenon and a process by which entities function in the device of one another. In this vein, Albert (2001) opined that conflict situation exists where there is little or no cooperation between or among social entities. Sports have been described as an important instrument in mobilizing both youths and adults in achieving common goals. The Human Resource Development Strategy identifies sports, culture and theatre/ drama as behaviour change methodologies (CARICOM, 1997). Sports obviously affects a person's physical development, and also his or her social and psychological development (Vanden, Malcolm & Meulders, 2006) contributing to the wider "development" of society, reason why the United Nations organized the International Year of Sport and Physical Education in 2005, and incorporates sports into its programmes and policies (UN Sport for Development and Peace, 2006). Sport has also been identified as sports development which refers to the creation of sports infrastructure and sports competition in developing countries. …

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