Academic journal article Higher Education Studies

Administration of Physical Education and Sports in Nigeria

Academic journal article Higher Education Studies

Administration of Physical Education and Sports in Nigeria

Article excerpt

Abstract

Physical Education is a vital part of total education. It is that process of education that concerns physical activities, which develop and maintain human body. The attainment of its goals depends on its administrative control structure more than any other thing. Physical Education Curriculum is entrenched in the National Policy on Education and thus, it is taught at all levels of educational development in Nigeria. The administration of Physical education is divided into four parts i.e. 6-3-3-4. However, it has not received the required attention from the government partly because of the economic situation in the country. This has greatly affected its growth and development. It is believed in some quarters that despite the negative attitude of the government that Physical Education can survive and still attain its goals in Nigeria with efficient and effective organizational structure. Therefore, this study is proposing an organizational structure model for achieving developmental goal of Physical Education in Nigeria.

Keywords: Education system, curriculum, national policy on education, intramural, interscholastic.

1. Introduction

Physical Education is viewed by Ajala, Amusa and Sohi (2001) as a vital part of Education. It contributes to the general programme of education including the development of health, physical welfare, and recreation. Although not a new field, Physical Education continues to receive several definitions. Adisa (2010) said that Physical Education is that process of education that concerns physical activities, which develop and maintain human body. The attainment of its objectives depends to a great extent on the leadership responsible for its direction. He also said that many nations have used it to train their youths. In order words, Physical Education is supposed to begin at childhood.

Akintunde, (2001) and Ogundairo, 2002) said that Physical Education is that phase of the total process of education that is concerned with the development and utilization of the individual's voluntary purposeful movement capabilities and which is directly related to mental, emotional, social and physical responses. This definition asserted that the school programme of Physical Education consists a specialized learning environment, characterized by many planned condition and stimuli specifically intended to induce or provide opportunities for physical, social, emotional, intellectual and other beneficial responses through which the student may become changed, modified or educated in desirable ways as approved by the society. As a result, Physical Education has been accepted as an essential educational experience in which all pupils/students engage regularly throughout elementary, secondary and higher education programme.

The acceptance of this definition in Nigeria will imply two things. Firstly, that since it is an experience limited to the school setting, many Nigerian children will be denied of it and consequently be denied of the virtues accruing from the experiences. It means too that many people in the country may lack those things that Physical Education gives since the society has entrusted that role to that aspect of education. Secondly, Nigeria will have to reappraise her educational philosophy in an attempt to provide Physical Education its own place (a core subject and co-curricular activity) in the total education of the child. By this, the few opportuned children will be able to go through these experiences while in school. Nigeria will also have to provide opportunities for both normal and handicapped children to go to school through her Universal Basic Education Policy. By this, each child in the country will benefit from every opportunity Nigerian society can offer.

The big question is, has Physical Education not been entrenched into the educational philosophy in Nigeria? Of course, it is clearly stated in the National Policy of Education (Revised Edition, 2004) the need to promote the emotional, physical and psychological health of all children through Physical Education. …

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