Academic journal article Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice

The Evolution and Inter-Dependence of Tourism with the Environment

Academic journal article Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice

The Evolution and Inter-Dependence of Tourism with the Environment

Article excerpt


In the economic and social life there often occur changes and the notion of tourism must be permanently adapted, confronted and correlated both with the practical activity, but also with the other fields of the economy. The demographic explosion generated by the increase of welfare, the rapid industrial revolution has caused an ascending evolution of tourism activity. But the touristic phenomena cannot be separated from the status of the environment since its quality, variety, and aesthetic aspect are basic resources in order to carry out touristic activities.

Keywords: sustainable development, economic, ecologic, socio-cultural

World Tourism Organization and other similar organisms within European Community understand that 'the touristic potential' of a country or of an area is the assembly of natural, cultural and socialeconomic components which express possibilities for valuation in the touristic field, offer or give a certain functionality to the territory and constitute premises for the development of tourism activities. Thus, the aspect of touristic space is determinant, fundamental for travels and tourism. The advertising regarding the attractive landscapes always contains geographical references. For this reason, the tourist or the potential tourist creates its own vision on a geographical space, including on the touristic facilities, even before visiting them. The components of the natural environment or the ones of the anthropic environment, through their qualitative or quantitative, aesthetical or cognitive value, can become 'touristic attractions,' constituting real touristic 'resources' for tourism industry.

Miossec (1977) considers that "touristic image is an introduction into tourism geography' which is composed of three main sequences: 1. Global image - which means a general idea of the tourist, a cliché; 2. Cultural image - which can be imposed and served as a global image, in the measure in which it becomes preponderant for the tourist; 3. The 'new' image - this contains, comparing with the previous ones, an industrial component (tourism industry).

The concept of touristic attraction expresses the affective, cognitiveaesthetical side of various elements from the structure of touristic potential, which produce impressions of a strong intensity, influencing directly certain segments of touristic demand. The tourists will be attracted by the image, grandeur, uniqueness, beauty of some components of touristic potential, such as falls, quays, abrupt sides, outstanding paintings, imposing buildings, floristic elements.

In various publications it is encountered the concept of touristic attraction synonymous with the one of touristic resource. However, the latter is more complex and complete, including besides touristic attractions suitable for visiting, natural or anthropic elements which can be valuated directly in the touristic activities as 'raw material', generating various forms of tourism (mineral springs and the mud promote the bathing tourism; the wind, snow, waters are generating sportive tourism; the various types of bio-climate and the air full of ozone - climatic tourism; mountain agriculture - agro-tourism; the villages - rural tourism, a.s.o.) The notion of touristic resource was introduced during the last decades, from the moment when the tourism became a real industry based on the exploitation and valuation of some resources, the same as any other economic activity.

Besides the two concepts there is also a third one, i.e. 'touristic stock.' This includes the whole natural, social-cultural and historical resources for touristic valuation which represent the basis of the potential offer of a territory to which there are connected the presence or the absence of tourism activities. O. Snak (1976) names this concept 'primary tourism offer' and considers it as being the essential premises in the touristic arrangement of an area and in the development of certain forms of tourism. …

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