Academic journal article Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice

The Study on the Role of Public Administration in the Modernization of State

Academic journal article Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice

The Study on the Role of Public Administration in the Modernization of State

Article excerpt


The paper states that public administration is crucial to the achievement of developmental aims and that it is substantially inextricable from its wider governance and societal structures and social milieus. The paper relates that an important unit of analysis is the nature of institutions and the "inherently" perceived phenomenon of power dynamics. The concept of power is important in understanding the intra- and interorganizational political dynamics and reality of public institutions. The paper further states that it is crucial to understand the nature and role of public administration in society in light of globalization and changing role of the state. Lastly, the paper looks at the evolving role of public administration as an instrument of the state in "serving" citizens.

Keywords: public, power dynamics, institutions, administration, globalization

After the fall of communism in December 1989, Romania underwent a number of drastic economic and accounting reforms that more reflected western business principles. In a European and international context with growing political, economic and social challenges, it is essential to improve the responsiveness of Public Administration. Public Administration will increasingly have to deal with other Administrations and decision-making and problem- solving will be a major influence on the progress of the nation and its prestige in the international community.

The reformation and the modernization of the public administration represent an important problem in the life of any state. Therefore all the countries during their development tried in one way or another to modernize and satisfy the needs and the necessities of the society, setting up the way of function, the relations between the public administration and the civil society. An efficient, responsive, transparent and responsible public administration is of a major importance for an adequate function of a state and at the same time it is a fundamental instrument with the help of which the strategies of the Government can be implemented. In such a way the public administration is one of the main mechanisms with the help of which the link between the state, civil society and the private sphere is realized.

In all countries, central government is one conducting political affairs and administration of general interests, for ensemble of national community (Alexandru loan, 1999). Public administrations vary from country to country, as do their reform processes. They reflect different circumstances, different needs and different philosophies about the role of government in society. Public administration can be conceptualized as an organizational structure, a system, a function, an institutional construct, procedures and processes or just a set of practices in the exercise of public authority. There has been considerable mutation of the concept of public administration moving from its traditional centralized neutral and controlled expert application of laws, rules and regulations to promote the general interest, to public management following the dictates of efficiency as practiced in the management of private enterprises, and recently to governance with emphasis on the participation of the governed in the exercise of public authority. However, even within these mutations there remains a core concept of Public Administration as an instrument of State action, which must be sharp for effectiveness in overall development and public service delivery. Whether its sharpness can be strengthened by adopting management practices similar to those of private enterprises or through strong partnerships with stakeholders, involvement of service users, participation of the governed, or a combination of all of these, the fact will remain that so far no country can coherently and prosperously survive and develop without an effective public administration. The United Nations General Assembly emphasized this in its resolution 50/225 of 1996 by recognizing that: "there is a need for public administration systems to be sound, efficient and well equipped with the appropriate capacities and capabilities through, interalia, capacity building, promotion of transfer, access and utilization of technology, establishment or improvement of training programs for public services, strengthening of partnership of the public sector with the private sector and civil society, as well as providing an enabling environment for private sector activities. …

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