Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Connection between News Narrative Discourse and Ideology-Based on Narrative Perspective Analysis of "News Probe"

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Connection between News Narrative Discourse and Ideology-Based on Narrative Perspective Analysis of "News Probe"

Article excerpt

Abstract

There are various methods to interpret the TV text and narrative analysis is a deconstruction method that studies the internal form of a narrative text. Narrative discourse analysis regards the construction role of text as the focus and it has a close connection with ideology, especially in news report. That is, ideology controls news narrative discourse, whereas news narrative discourse helps to construct the existing ideology. This paper is going to take as an example the CCTV "News Probe", the representative of news investigation programs in China, deconstructs the text from the perspective of narrative perspective and further makes clear the connection between news narrative discourse and ideology.

Keywords: narrative discourse, narrative perspective, ideology, news probe

1. Introduction

This paper is going to discuss the relationship between news narrative discourse and ideology. Narrative analysis, discourse analysis and ideology can all be regarded as the path of text analysis while a relationship of overlapping and interaction exists between the three. As an overlapping part of narrative analysis and discourse analysis, narrative discourse has a dual identity and more specific connotation. In order to make the discussion process clearer and more specific, this paper is going to classify narrative discourse into narrative analysis.

Firstly I will explain several concepts about narrative and ideology and their connections to introduce my research background and approach, then discuss cases in "News Probe", the representative of news investigation programs in China from the narrative perspective, with the expectation to display the interactive relationship between news narrative discourse and ideology. That is, ideology controls news narrative discourse, while news narrative discourse helps to construct the existing ideology. Actually the connection between discourse and ideology was noticed as early as in 1979 when Fuller et al put forward "critical discourse analysis" in "Language and Control", the framework "discourse, right and ideology" (Hu Chunyang, 2007, 173-177) is constructed on the basis of interaction between ideology and discourse practice.

2. Gate towards the TV World: Narrative Discourse and Ideology of TV Text

2.1 Narrative Analysis

TV narrative is a text type which plays a leading role in TV, which is defined as "telling a story that has happened recently or is happening with modern electronic technique being the dissemination means and with multi-element image and voice being the dissemination symbol." (Shi Changshun, 2006) In short, narrative is to tell a story.

Narrative analysis is one kind of text interpretation method and it lays special emphasis on structure of text or positioning of readers (Shi Changshun, 2008). Although narrative per se is not necessarily complex, it is of great complexity to make clear how narrative proceeds and how people come to comprehend narrative. (Arthur Asa Berger, 2000)

The classification of narrative in this paper is mainly based on the TV narrative theory of Sarah Ruth Kozloff, which asserts that each narrative in TV can be classified into three levels. The first level is story, namely, who encounters what; the second level is discourse, namely, how this story is told; the third level is time arrangement, namely, in the discourse of a large scope of time arrangement in a television station, what kind of influences the position of text has upon its discourse and story. (Sarah Ruth Kozloff, 2008)

2.2 Narrative Discourse

Narrative discourse is an important component of narrative analysis and refers to the expression of story content, which is "how the story is told" in statement by Sarah Ruth Kozloff, namely, a variety of means and skills that constitute narrative discourse (Shi Changshun, 2006).

The narrative discourse of TV text is just like a gate and even non-narrative TV programs have to run through it, which is because "the world we watch in the TV is one that is constituted by this rule of narrative discourse" (Robert C Allen, 2000, 47). …

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