Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

The Effect of Hidden Curriculum on Character Education Process of Primary School Students*

Academic journal article Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri

The Effect of Hidden Curriculum on Character Education Process of Primary School Students*

Article excerpt

Abstract

Character education is defined as a planned and systematical approach in terms of self- respect, responsibility and honesty etc. for being a good citizen. The elements of hidden curriculum possessed in schools are values, beliefs, attitudes, and norms and values which are important parts of school function, ceremonies and the quality of interpersonal communication. This research is aimed to determine supportive activities and views of students' participated in these activities with the thought of revealing importance of hidden curriculum on gaining vales within character education in elementary schools. Supportive activities of hidden curriculum such as social and cultural activities, free time activities and sportive activities, celebration of special days and weeks, social club works can be considered as strong value gaining tools for elementary school students to comprehend, internalize and perform values. In this study, one of the qualitative research methods case study model is utilized. This research is carried out within 2009-2010 academic year through three elementary schools in Eskisehir affiliated to Ministry of National Education by investigating supportive activities for hidden curriculum and views of students participating in these activities. For analyzing the gathered data, document analysis and content analysis are used. Working group of this study comprises 40 students going to 6th, 7th and 8th grades within three elementary schools in the city center of Eskisehir. At the end of the study, it is determined that values are included in curriculum of elementary schools, and supportive activities for hidden curriculum in the process of gaining and internalizing values have great importance.

Key Words

Character, Character Education, Value, Value Education, Hidden Curriculum.

(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)

The process of acculturation of the child happens at school which actualizes after his nearest environment which can be considered as his home and the social environment that he lives in. By time the character of the child and his moral standing begin to shape according to attitudes and behaviors of the people within the environment. Schools have very important role for character and moral development of the children who are at school age. School includes all pedagogical, cultural and social factors in character education of the child. In this aspect, the school begins to create the character of the child by functioning the latent power and skills inside him (Basaran, 2005). In order to make a good society the school can be seen as a workshop over the individual. Character comprises the willing of the individual for goodness of other people and moral thought, behaviors for being honest and responsible, personal and affective properties of the one across various circumstances for creating effective approaches, and affective commitment of the individual. Good character helps people to have a democratic life style which includes being equal and respectful to other people and being able to add positive values to the society (Battistich, 2005). Indeed, good character is the ability of decision making across life events, careful thinking, selecting true things for application and actualizing these (Lickona, 1992).

Character Education

Character education is about teaching students how to decide well and how to behave accordingly. Character education improves students' knowledge, skills and abilities through providing them to make a good choice appropriate for having responsibility (Ryan & Bohlin, 1999). The purpose of character education is to grow up individuals who are capable of understanding moral values and productive when they are children and using their capacities for doing their best and doing right things, and living with the understanding of purpose of life in their youth (Battistich, 2005).

In the implementations for character education, schools should not only handle one of the dimensions of the character but also should help student to have them to understand these values, accept these values or devote themselves for those values after that behave accordingly in their daily life (Lickona, 1993). …

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