Academic journal article British Journal of Canadian Studies

The Changing Canadian Population

Academic journal article British Journal of Canadian Studies

The Changing Canadian Population

Article excerpt

Barry Edmonston and Eric Fong (eds), The Changing Canadian Population (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2011), 384 pp. 44 diagrams. Cased. $95. ISBN 978-1-7735-3793-4. Paper. $34.95. ISBN 978-0-7735-3794-1.

With its ethnically diverse, ageing and geographically distributed population, Canada provides a fascinating case study of contemporary population issues. The Changing Canadian Population is a timely intervention in the field. Drawing together contributions from some of Canada's leading demographers, sociologists and economists, Barry Edmonston and Eric Fong have edited an excellent collection of chapters on topics as diverse as population growth, income, ageing, labour market outcomes, immigration, fertility, urbanization, patterns of cohabitation and ethnicity.

Aside from these individual topics, the contributions also astutely analyse the interactions between many of these major population trends - for instance the relationship between post- 1962 immigration waves and low-income earnings, or labour market outcomes and ethnicity, or cohabitation and immigrant status. Simplistic inferences are avoided. For instance, Wanner's chapter on labour market outcomes disaggregates between different visible minority groups, sex and immigrant entry status to develop cogent explanations for occupational segregation in Canada. Boyd's chapter confirms recent immigration research of diminishing economic returns among more recent immigrant arrivals, while also documenting better outcomes for their children and for an emerging 'third generation'.

The book is largely descriptive in nature, with most of the chapters presenting up-todate descriptive statistical data, drawn from a range of government sources (primarily the 2006 Canadian Census in both aggregate and microdata forms). …

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