Academic journal article Journal of Community Positive Practices

Employment Policies for the Young People Infected with Hiv/aids

Academic journal article Journal of Community Positive Practices

Employment Policies for the Young People Infected with Hiv/aids

Article excerpt

Abstract: The purpose of this article is to analyse the topic of the young people infected with HIV/AIDS (the social group most affected by this virus both in Romania, and worldwide), stressing on the forms of including these people on the labour market. The first part of the article is a brief introduction into the matter of HIV/AIDS and it provides several statistics and estimates on the infection with HIV/AIDS worldwide and in Romania. The article also shows the important aspects from Law 582/2002 on the measures to prevent the spreading of HIV/AIDS in Romania and to protect the people infected with HIV or having AIDS. We also presented the exclusion of the young people infected with HIV/having AIDS from the labour market and the difficulties they experience in trying to get a job or to preserve a stable job.

The second part of the article makes an analysis of 6 projects implemented from 2007 to 2011, projects which aim to integrate the young people infected with HIV/having AIDS on the labour market. The analysis refers to the objectives, activities, results and progress of each project, as well as a comparative analysis of the projects.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, exclusion, labour market, young people, integration, projects, analysis

Introduction

HIV/AIDS is a complex matter which affects all the components of the society, particularly the public health.

It has been acknowledged as real social problem only during the past two decades, being of major interest for the epidemiologists and sociologists in the field of health.

AIDS is a "disease of the society, in the deepest meaning of the term, being fundamentally related to the life style and social behaviour" " (Radulescu, 2002, p. 180).

It is known that the people infected with HIV virus are confronted with various problems; most times they are discriminated and labelled by the other members of the society. The low level of information on the legal rights determined the people infected with HIV to consider that some of the discriminatory behaviours they are confronted with are only normal.

The stigma and instinct of rejection are often associated with the infection with HIV/AIDS, which affects dramatically the level of social integration of the infected people, limiting their access to the resources of the society.

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks and destroys the immune system, and thus the organism can no longer cope with the aggressors of any kind (viruses, bacteria, moulds, cancer cells). This causes infections and forms of cancer that can be lethal.

AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is the terminal stage of the HIV infection, when the immune system is very affected by the virus, when the number of important cells of the immune system that defend the organism decrease dramatically, and when the organism can no longer cope with the infections (Blaglosov, Constantin, Lazar, Luca, 2007). A person can be carrier of HIV, but this doesn't mean that he/she has AIDS.

Statistics on the infection with HIV/AIDS

According to the estimates of the compartment monitoring and evaluating the HIV/AIDS infection in Romania from the National Institute of infectious diseases "Prof. Dr. Matei Bals"1, in December 2010 there were more than 34 million people living with HIV/AIDS. The number of people infected with HIV in 2010 is 2.7 million, of which 2.3 million are adult people and 390,000 are children below the age of 15. In 2010, 1.8 million people died of AIDS.

UNAIDS reports reveal that in 2010, almost 7,000 were infected with HIV worldwide, on a daily basis. More than 97% of them come from poor countries and from developing countries; about 1,000 are children below the age of 15, almost 6,000 are aged 15-49, of which 50% are women, and 41% are aged 15-24.2

In Europe, the number of people with HIV is increasing, as well as the risky sexual behaviour (CNLAS, 2011).

In Romania, HIV/AIDS phenomenon displays a particular characteristic by its demographic and geographic concentration. …

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