Academic journal article Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods

Effect of Disappearing Dialogue on Vocabulary Learning and Retention of Efl Learners

Academic journal article Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods

Effect of Disappearing Dialogue on Vocabulary Learning and Retention of Efl Learners

Article excerpt

1.1. Introduction

If you desire to teach vocabulary to Iranian EFL students in an effective way, you may aware that "reciting new vocabulary words individually and mechanically is not effective as a long-term teaching strategy." (Wang Chengqian, 2009). Thus, teachers may need to design a sufficient teaching method to master their students in learning vocabulary. This paper explores an effective teaching vocabulary method based on a sufficient treatment that can be done in classrooms, so that teachers need to compare a control group versus an experimental group in order to find the best technique in teaching vocabulary.

1.2. Vocabulary learning

According to Camille L. Z. Blachowicz, Peter J. Fisher (2005) difficulties in learning meanings of words depend on characteristics of word learners, characteristic words, and levels of word learns.

"Different task require different levels of word knowledge" (Camille L. Z. Blachowicz, Peter J. Fisher (2005). The process of word learning involves tests of word knowledge for conceptually complex words (Nagy& Scott, 2000). Researchers support the hypothesis that in vocabulary learning we should consider different steps in vocabulary knowledge: (1) unknown word ("I have never seen that word"), (2) exist knowledge of a word ("I have seen that word"), (3) not complete knowledge ("I have a vague or I find out of the word generally"), and (4) complete knowledge ("I know enough words for using them in speaking ,writing, and so forth") (Dale,1965;Chall,1987:Stahl,1999).

1.3. Significance of vocabulary learning

Vocabularies refer to words recognition, and teaching vocabularies refer to teaching vocabularies in appropriate ways that students understand them. Vocabulary knowledge is very important for reading skill achievements (Davis, 1944, 1968; National Reading Panel, 2000). Students need to know vocabularies in both social and academic conditions. In this regards, finding an effective vocabulary instruction method is so critical. According to Camille L. Z. Blachowicz, Peter J. Fisher (2005), the report of the National Reading Panel (2000) supports the fact that vocabulary instruction is important to age and ability of learners for learning new vocabularies.

1.4. Teaching vocabulary

Traditionally, teaching of vocabularies limited to present new items as they appeared in readings or listening texts (Solange Moras, Sao Carlos, Brazil, and July 2001). This indirect teaching of vocabularies could not provide enough practice for vocabulary learning through language skills to ensure vocabulary expansion (Solange Moras, Sao Carlos, Brazil, and July 2001).

As Steven Stahl (2005) puts it, "Vocabulary knowledge is knowledge; the knowledge of a word not only implies a definition, but also implies how that word fits into the world."According to Solange Moras( Sao Carlos, Brazil, July 2001) "Nowadays it is widely accepted that vocabulary teaching should be part of the syllabus, and taught in a well-planned and regular basis".

1.5. Effective vocabulary teaching techniques

In April 2000 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development(NICHD) presented the National reading panel's( NRP), researchers try to find out the most effective way in teaching vocabulary in the mini society of students which is called classroom such as using clues within words , analyzing root words, using around words , or using references like dictionaries. However the researchers try to find a new technique for teaching vocabulary, an effective way, in order to increase the pleasure of vocabulary learning against tiresome strategies in vocabulary learning.

2. Review of related literature

During the decades, the effects of different methods of vocabulary teaching/ learning have investigated. The key in mastering a language is vocabulary. Vocabulary has the same significance as structure of a language. By knowing lots of practical vocabularies, we may have prefect fluency in speaking and reading smartly. …

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